Second Battle of Winchester

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Second Battle of Winchester
Began:

June 13, 1863

Ended:

June 15, 1863

Location:

Frederick County, City of Winchester, Virginia

Theater:

Eastern Theater

Campaign:

Gettysburg Campaign

Outcome:

Confederate victory

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Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png

2nd Division, VIII Corps, Middle Department

Second Corps, Army of Northern Virginia

Commanders

Robert MilroyBrigadier General, USA

Richard S. EwellLieutenant General, CSA

Strength

7,000

12,500

Casualties

4,443

266

  

After the Battle of Brandy Station, June 9, 1863, Lee ordered the II Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, under Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell, to clear the lower Shenandoah Valley of Union opposition. Ewell’s columns converged on Winchester’s garrison commanded by Brig. Gen. Robert Milroy. After fighting on the afternoon of June 13 and the capture of West Fort by the Louisiana Brigade on June 14, Milroy abandoned his entrenchments after dark in an attempt to reach Charles Town. “Allegheny” Johnson’s division conducted a night flanking march and before daylight of the 15th cut off Milroy’s retreat just north of Winchester at Stephenson’s Depot. More than 2,400 Federals surrendered. This Confederate victory cleared the Valley of Union troops and opened the door for Lee’s second invasion of the North. (NPS summary)

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