Seleucid Empire

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The Seleucid Empire (323BC – 63BC) was the largest successor state to Alexander the Great's empire. It spanned the region from modern-day Israel to the Indus River Valley, and as far north as Turkmenistan. Hellenistic culture was heavily preserved in the Seleucid empire, leading to an interesting mix of Greek mythology and Zoroastrianism as the main religions of the empire.

List of seleucid emperors

This list was compiled by French Christian historian Nicolas Lenglet Dufresnoy in his book Tablettes chronologiques de l'histoire universelle (1745) as the Kings of Syria. It does not include data that was found after the cuneiform language was rediscovered in the XIX century. Sources digititalized by Google Books:

# Start Duration Notes
1 Seleucus Nicator 312 BC 31
2 Antiochus Soter 282 BC 20
3 Antiochus Theos 262 BC 15
4 Seleucus II Callinicus 247 BC 20
5 Seleucus III Ceraunos 227 BC 3
6 Antiochus II The Great 224 BC 37
7 Seleucus IV Philopator 187 BC 11
8 Antiochus IV Epiphanes 176 BC 12
9 Antiochus V Eupator 164 BC 2 Under his guardian Lysias
10 Demetrius Soter 162 BC 11
11 Alexander Bala 151 BC 5
12 Demetrius II Nicator 146 BC 1
13 Antiochus, son of Bala 145 BC 2
14 Diodotus Tryphon 143 BC 4
15 Antiochus VII Sidetes 139 BC 9
12 Demetrius II Nicator 131 BC 4 Restored
16 Alexander Zabynas 129 BC - The tyrant
18 Seleucus V 127 BC 1
19 Antiochus VIII Grypus 126 BC 12
20 Antiochus IX from Cyzicus 114 BC 18
21 Seleucus VI 97 BC 2 Son of Grypus
22 Antiochus X 95 BC 1 Son of Cyzicus (sic)
22 Antíoco XI 94 BC not included as king
23 Phillip, Demetrius III, Antiochus XII 93 BC in war
24 Tigranes 84 BC 18 66 BC: Tigranes was defeated by the romans
25 Antiochus XII 69 BC

In 63 BC, Syria becomes a roman province.

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