Sir Solly Zuckerman (1906 - 1993) was professor of anatomy at Birmingham University (1946–68) and chief scientific adviser to the British Ministry of Defence in 1960. Zuckerman was also chief scientific adviser to the British government from 1964 to 1971. Knighted in 1956, Zuckerman was given a life peerage in 1971. Zuckerman performed research regarding primates and published several books including The Social Life of Monkeys and Apes (1932) and Functional Affinities of Man, Monkeys and Apes (1933). Zuckerman's also authored an autobiography, From Apes to Warlords, which was published in 1971.