South America

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South America is also a subregion of the South American Continent.

Political boundaries of South America
Shaded relief of South America

South America is a continent in the Southern Hemisphere, and part of the Western Hemisphere. To the west it borders the Pacific Ocean, to the east it borders the Atlantic Ocean, and the Caribbean Sea and North America are northwest of it.

Together with North America it forms the Americas, and it was named after Amerigo Vespucci. It is the fourth largest continent by area at 17,840,000 km2 (6,890,000 sq miles), and covers almost 3.5% of the earth's surface.

Its population in 2005 was 371 million, the fifth largest of the continents.

Contents

Land

Topography

South America relief.jpg

Climate

Drainage

Flora

Fauna

Resources

Arable land

People

Ethnic groups

Languages

Religion

Education

Health

Demography

Economy and Commerce

Industry

Agriculture

Forestry

Fishing

Transportation

Trade

History

See also

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