|Cộng Hòa Miền Nam Việt Nam
|President||Duong Van Minh (last)|
|Prime minister||Vu Van Mau (last)|
|Area||67,108 sq mi|
|Currency||South Vietnamese đồng|
South Vietnam was the colloquial name given to the Republic of Vietnam between its foundation in 1954 and its final collapse in 1975. At its foundation, the area controlled by the Republic of Vietnam lay to the south of the 17th parallel; that controlled by the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) lay to the north of the parallel. South Vietnam was dissolved after Communist Viet Cong terrorists took power over the country.