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The Bible versus the Qur'an

1,003 bytes added, 01:26, 24 March 2013
/* Charges of textual corruption */ more info
While Muslims also typically claim that the text of the Qur'an is identical to that received by Muhammad, Christian researchers contend that there is overwhelming evidence that it is not. <ref>[http://www.answering-islam.org/Quran/Text/ Textual answering-islam.org; ''Variants of the Qur'an'']</ref>
Although the Qur’an manuscripts exhibit a notable stability in the text across many centuries, evidence supports the conclusion that considerably greater diversity existed among the earlier texts of the Qur’an than is reflected in the extant manuscripts studied thereafter. As is widely accepted, in the late 7th century, the Caliph Uthman, being disturbed by the diversity in the text of the Qur’an, organized a standardization of the Qur’anic manuscripts, destroying texts considered deviant, and thus cutting off access to possibly more original forms of the text of the Qur'an. Further steps were taken in successive centuries to fix the text and its recitation. <ref>http://larryhurtado.wordpress.com/2013/03/21/textual-criticism-the-new-testament-and-the-quran</ref> The result of textual examination of Qur’anic manuscripts leads Keith E. Small, Phd, . author of ''Textual Criticism and Qur’an Manuscripts'', to conclude, {{cquote|Though Muslims may take pride in the fidelity of the preservation of this text, it does not reproduce precisely what was originally considered to be the Qur'an' in the early seventh century. Because of the standardizations of the text in 653-705/33-86 AH and 936/324 AH, together with the constant pressure throughout Islamic history to have one text match their dogma, many texts which had equally good claims to containing authentic readings were suppressed and destroyed.
:And, because of the emphasis on oral transmission and the vagaries of Arabic as it developed, the written text was constantly vocalized in new ways which did not preserve the original vocalization. The original vocalization must have been lost very early on if it did indeed exist.  While bearing testimony to the careful preservation of one particular consonantal text, the history of the transmission of the text of the Qur’an Qur'an is at least as much a testament to the destruction of Qur’an Qur'an material as it is to its preservation . . . It is also testimony to the fact that there never was one original text of the Qur’anQur'an'.<ref>Keith E. Small, ''Textual Criticism and Qur’an Manuscripts,'' (Lanham/Boulder/New York/Toronto/Plymouth: Lexington Books, 2012), p. 180</ref><ref>http://larryhurtadoevangelicaltextualcriticism.wordpressblogspot.com/20132011/03/2107/textual-criticism-the-new-testament-and-thequran-quranmanuscripts.html?showComment=1311441744807#c7543567119217355174</ref>}}
==Gospel of Barnabas==
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