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Polygamy

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'''Polygamy''' is an inclusive term for several variant forms one form of a [[polyamorous]] relationship that usually denotes a [[marriage]]between multiple partners . It encompasses '''polygyny''', the practice of having multiple wives; '''polyandry''', the practice of having multiple husbands; and '''group marriage''', the practice of having multiple husbands and wives. Any marriage of three or more people is polygamous.
In modern times, opponents of "[[same-sex marriage|same-sex "marriage"]]" worry that if legalized it would be a step down the slippery slope to polygamy. Recent events to support this claim includes the [[Netherlands]] in 2005 four years after introducing same-sex 'marriage' gave three-people relationships legal recognition through a "[[cohabitation]] agreement". Stanley Kurtz wrote::Among the likeliest effects of gay marriage is to take us down a slippery slope to legalized polygamy and "polyamory" (group marriage). Marriage will be [[marriage privatization|transformed into a variety of relationship contracts]], linking two, three, or more individuals (however weakly and temporarily) in every conceivable combination of male and female.<ref>[http://www.weeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/002/938xpsxy.asp Beyond Gay Marriage], [[Stanley Kurtz]] </ref>
Polygamy, in ancient times, was widespread, but has become less common over time. The most common form of polygamy is polygyny. Polygynous marriages are found in the [[Old Testament]], especially among the early Hebrew kings. The first recorded polygamist was [[Lamech]] ([[Genesis]] 4:19), in the seventh generation from [[Adam]]. The book of [[Deuteronomy]] gives an inheritance rule for polygynous families.<ref>Deuteronomy 21:15-17 [http://www.bartleby.com/108/05/21.html#15Deuteronomy 21:15-17]</ref> The culmination was [[Solomon]] with 700 wives and 300 [[concubine]]s; however, the fact that they were from the pagan nations led him down the path of corruption.<ref>I Kings 11:1-3 [http://www.blueletterbible.org/kjv/1Ki/1Ki011.html#topI Kings 11:1-3]</ref> There was also a practice of giving a maid servant to a husband to sire children in the period of the patriarchs; [[Holy Scripture|Scripture]] refers to such a maid servant variously as a wife<ref>Genesis 30:4 [http://www.blueletterbible.org/kjv/Gen/Gen030.html#4 Genesis 30:4]</ref> and as a concubine.<ref>Genesis 35:22 [http://www.blueletterbible.org/kjv/Gen/Gen035.html#22 Genesis 35:22]</ref>. There are examples of polygamy in the [[New TestamentGod]] and it is stated that a deacon is to be , speaking through the husband of one wife. That the church leaders saw fit to suspend the practice for such a small group, but allow it for everyone else speaks volumes.<ref>I Timothy 3:2 [http://www.blueletterbible.org/cgi-bin/popup.pl?book=1Ti&chapter=3&verse=2&version=kjv#2[prophet]]</ref><ref>Titus 1:6 [http://www.blueletterbible.org/kjv/Tts/Tts001.html#6[Nathan]]</ref> (in some Christian denominations today, that has been taken to mean that divorced men and in some cases even widowed men can not be deacons if they remarry.)addressed [[David]]'s polygamy without expressing disapproval:
[[Ashkenazi]] Jews banned polygyny around A.D. 1000. [[Sephardi]] Jews continued {{Bible quote|And Nathan said to practice it in [David, Thou [Islamart]]ic lands for some time after thatthe man. [[Yemen]]i and [[Ethiopia]]n Jews practice it to this day. [[Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I anointed thee king over Israel]] forbids polygyny, with and I delivered thee out of the exception that a man with multiple hand of Saul; And I gave thee thy master's house, and thy master's wives who moves to into thy bosom, and gave thee the house of Israel may remain married to his existing wives but not marry additional ones.<ref>Judaism 101: Marriage and of Judah; and if [http://wwwthat had been] too little, I would moreover have given unto thee such and such things.jewfaq.org/marriage.htm#Relationship]</ref> |book=2Samuel|chap=12|verses=7-8|version=KJV}}
The There are examples of polygamy in the [[Qur'anNew Testament]] permitted polygyny and it is stated that a deacon is to be the husband of one wife. That the church leaders saw fit to suspend the practice for such a small group, but allow it for everyone else speaks volumes.<ref>"... Marry women of your choice, Two or three or four ..." Koran 4:3-4 [http://www.uscblueletterbible.eduorg/deptcgi-bin/MSA/quran/004popup.qmt.htmlpl?book=1Ti&chapter=3&verse=2&version=kjv#004.0032 I Timothy 3:2]</ref>. The practice was also known among European tribes in pre-Christian Europe and in both China and Japan<ref>Polygyny in Europe and China[http://www.trivia-libraryblueletterbible.comorg/kjv/bTts/alternative-forms-of-marriage-polygyny-part-Tts001.html#6 Titus 1.htm:6]</ref>(in some Christian denominations today, that has been taken to mean that divorced men and in some cases even widowed men can not be deacons if they remarry. )
In the modern world [[Ashkenazi]] Jews banned polygyny is practiced to some extent in China<ref>Lang and Smartaround A. “Migration and the Second Wife in South China: Toward cross-border polygyny” The International migration review 2002, volD. 36, no2, pp1000. 546-569 [[http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=13830800Sephardi]</ref>, among ] Jews continued to practice it in [[Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints|certain sects of MormonsIslam]]<ref>News story on Fundamentalist Church of Latter Day Saintsic lands for some time after that. [http://www.phoenixnewtimes.com/2006-05-25/news/it-practices-what-they-preach/[Yemen]</ref> (the mainstream ]i and [[MormonEthiopia]] Church outlawed n Jews practice it to this day. [[Israel]] forbids polygyny, with the practice in 1890exception that a man with multiple wives who moves to Israel may remain married to his existing wives but not marry additional ones.<ref>LDS official position[http://www.mormonjewfaq.org/question/faq/category/answer/0,9777,1601-1-114-1,00marriage.htmlhtm#Relationship Judaism 101: Marriage]</ref>) and However, this is due at least in parts part to an Israeli Supreme Court ruling that requires recognition of Sub-Saharan Africa <ref>Brownall marriages performed abroad, Judith E. “Polygyny and Family Planning whether they would be legal in sub-Saharan Africa” Studies in Family Planning, VolIsrael or not. 12, No. 8/9 (Aug. This also applies to same- Sep., 1981sex "marriage"), pp. 322-326. Abstract. [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0039-3665(198108%2F09)12%3A8%2F9%3C322%3APAFPIS%3E2.0.CO%3B2-U]</ref>.
Polyandry is and has been less common around the world, but it has been practicedThe [[Qur'an]] permitted polygyny. Polyandry is part of traditional Tibetan culture<ref>List of references [http://www.caseusc.edu/affildept/tibetMSA/tibetanSocietyquran/marriage004.htm]</ref> and is practiced by some [[Native American]] tribes<ref>Polyandry among the [[Inuit]] [http://wwwqmt.snowwowlhtml#004.com/peopleinuit5003 ".html.. Marry women of your choice, Two or three or four ..." Koran 4:3-4]</ref>. The Bible prohibits polyandrypractice was also known among European tribes in pre-Christian Europe and in both China and Japan.<ref>"Polygamy," from A True Church [http://www.atruechurchtrivia-library.infocom/polygamyb/alternative-forms-of-marriage-polygyny-part-1.htmlhtm Polygyny in Europe and China]</ref>
Group marriage is likely In the least common form of polygamy, but it modern world polygyny is practicedto some extent in China,<ref>Lang and Smart. In fact a number “Migration and the Second Wife in South China: Toward cross-border polygyny” The International migration review 2002, vol. 36, no2, pp. 546-569 [http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=13830800]</ref> among [[Fundamentalist Church of Americans purport to practice just this sort Jesus Christ of living arrangement, even though Latter-day Saints|certain sects of Mormons]]<ref>[http://www.phoenixnewtimes.com/2006-05-25/news/it is not legally recognized as marriage by -practices-what-they-preach/ News story on Fundamentalist Church of Latter Day Saints]</ref> (the state.mainstream [[Mormon]] Church outlawed the practice in 1890<ref>Kurtz[http://www.mormon.org/question/faq/category/answer/0, Stanley9777, “Rick Santorum Was Right Meet the future 1601-1-114-1,00.html LDS official position]</ref>) and in parts of marriage Sub-Saharan Africa.<ref>Brown, Judith E. “Polygyny and Family Planning in Americasub-Saharan Africa” Studies in Family Planning, Vol.” New Republic Online 312, No. 8/23/05 9 (Aug. - Sep., 1981), pp. 322-326. Abstract. [http://wwwlinks.nationalreviewjstor.com/kurtzorg/kurtz200503230746sici?sici=0039-3665(198108%2F09)12%3A8%2F9%3C322%3APAFPIS%3E2.asp0.CO%3B2-U]</ref>.
Polyandry is and has been less common around the world, but it has been practiced. Polyandry is part of traditional Tibetan culture<ref>[http://www.case.edu/affil/tibet/tibetanSociety/marriage.htm List of references]</ref> and is practiced by some [[Native American]] tribes.<ref>Polyandry among the [[Inuit]] [http://www.snowwowl.com/peopleinuit5.html]</ref> The Bible prohibits polyandry.<ref>[http://www.atruechurch.info/polygamy.html "Polygamy," from A True Church]</ref> "[[Group marriage]]" is likely the least common form of polygamy, but it is practiced. In fact a number of Americans purport to practice just this sort of living arrangement, even though it is not legally recognized as marriage by the state.<ref>Kurtz, Stanley, “Rick Santorum Was Right Meet the future of marriage in America.” New Republic Online 3/23/05 [http://www.nationalreview.com/kurtz/kurtz200503230746.asp]</ref> ==See Alsoalso==
*[[Polygamist]]
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[[Category:Marriage]]
[[categoryCategory:Religion]][[categoryCategory:Culture]]
[[Category:Sociology]]
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