Spotted eagle owl

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Spotted Eagle Owl
Spotted Eagle Owl.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom Information
Domain Eukaryota
Kingdom Animalia
Subkingdom Bilateria
Branch Deuterostomia
Phylum Information
Phylum Chordata
Sub-phylum Vertebrata
Infraphylum Gnathostomata
Class Information
Superclass Tetrapoda
Class Aves
Sub-class Neornithes
Infra-class Neoaves
Order Information
Order Strigiformes
Family Information
Family Strigidae
Sub-family Striginae
Genus Information
Genus Bubo
Species Information
Species B. africanus
Population statistics
Conservation status Least concern[1]

The spotted eagle owl (Bubo africanus) is a bird or prey of the family Strigidae, and is found in much of sub-Saharan Africa.


Although considered large, the spotted eagle owl is one of the smaller birds of the genus Bubo, with a length of 18 inches, a wingspan of 39 to 55 inches, and a body weight of 1.1 to 1.9 pounds. Females are slightly larger than males.

The upper plumage is brown in color, and mottled throughout in dark brown, light brown, and creamy-white; both primary and secondary flight feathers are barred. The underside is lighter in color, with fine brown barring offset by irregular brown patches. The facial disk is a pale ochre, with a pair of faintly dark rings radiating outward towards a single black disk border. The ear tufts are prominent, and seem to extend directly from the yellow eyes. Legs are feathered to the toes.


  • Bubo africanus africanus; Gabon, southern D. R. Congo, southern Uganda, central Kenya south to South Africa
  • Bubo africanus milesi; southwestern Arabia, Yemen and Oman
  • Bubo africanus tanae; Kenya: central and lower Tana River, Lali Hills

Some authorities consider the subspecies B. a. tanae to be the same as B. a. africanus,[2] and possibly a lightly-colored variant.[3]


Spotted eagle owls prefer rocky areas in treeless areas, semi-desert and light forest. He is active at dusk and at night. From a high vantage point, it hunts for small mammals and lizards, large insects, and occasionally other birds.