State of Palestine
The State of Palestine was unilaterally declared on November 15, 1988 in Algiers at an extraordinary session in exile of the Palestine National Council, the legislative arm of the Palestine Liberation Organization. Legal justification for this act was based on United Nations General Assembly Resolution 181 (II) of 29 November 1947, which provided for the termination and partition of the British Mandate for Palestine into two states.
At the time, the PLO did not have control over any part of Palestine (or any other territory), and therefore the State of Palestine failed to meet one of the main defining aspects of a real state - namely, occupying a territory.
The State of Palestine was recognized immediately by the Arab League and several other Islamic nations, at the expense of recognition of Israel. It maintains embassies in these countries (which are generally simply Palestine Liberation Organization delegations).
Currently 136 United Nations member states have formally recognized Palestine as a state (see also: List of States which recognize Palestine as an independent state.), stretching from Africa to Asia, Europe to Latin America.. Around 150 countries maintain diplomatic relations with the Palestinians in one form or another... In October, 2011, Palestine was granted full membership at the U.N. cultural organization, UNESCO, in a diplomatic victory won despite stiff resistance from the United States and Israel. 
A pro-Arab website expresses the Palestinian view concerning the border of Palestine by declaring they want a border which existed prior to the Six-Day War:
The value of a UN resolution recognizing an independent state for the Palestinian people, with its borders running exactly along the 1949 Armistice line, which was the border between Israel and the West Bank until June 4, 1967, should not be undermined.
Pro-Israel advocates typically point out that Israel has repeatedly had to defend itself against attacks by neighboring Arab states and counter that reverting Israel's border to borders which existed before the Six-Day war would not allow Israel to have defensible borders.
The Israeli government of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is openly opposed to the proposed Palestinian statehood and is threatening retaliatory action. US officials, notably Secretary of State Hillary Clinton are also opposed.
A large number of Christians are indigenous to Palestine, and many of these are descended from the first Christians- the first Jews who chose to follow Christ and recognize him as the messiah. Also many Arameans, another Semitic group native to the area, accepted Christ very early on in the history of Christianity, and thus contribute a lot to the genetics of today's Christians in the Palestinian Authority, later joined over thousand years later by surviving European crusaders and their families after their defeat at the hands of the Islamic armies, when they blended into the native, Semitic Christian population.
The "Christian Left" and many others like to use Palestinian Christians as a propaganda tool to turn Christians against Israel. Many of the Christians have taken on Palestinian nationalism promoted by the nearby Arab states, regardless of the fact that Palestinian nationalism is heavily rooted in both Islamism and pan-Arabism, which reject human rights for Christians or recognition of the distinct non-Arab Semitic ethnicities, mainly Aramean or Jewish, to which most of them belong, mainly due to taqiyya or propaganda to advance an Islamic cause. Israel-hatred runs very deep for these Christians because of their loyalty to this Arab identity, and many of them even hate Jewish people as a whole regardless of the ethnic, and to a lesser extent, cultural, origins of many of their own. Additionally many of these Christians will take sides with people who express a deep hatred for their fellow Christians around the Middle East. In many cases, the self-declared Palestinian government encourages demographic shifts in areas inhabited by minorities (an example of this is the Samaritan Genocide, a result of which only 300 Samaritans remain today in their traditional homeland in Samaria (the southern part of the West Bank) in one village (Kiryat Luza), in which there is an Israeli presence, responsible for protecting them from Arab ethnic cleansing. In Bethlehem, Christians have become a small minority of the population under control of the Palestinian Authority. In Israel, however, ethnic and religious minorities, in villages in which they historically formed the majority, have retained their status as the majority of the population in the vast majority of cases, a trend which shows no indication of changing in the future. Christians in Israel can even form their own political parties.
Christy Anastas is a Palestinian Christian who speaks about persecution of Christians by the Palestinian Authority, an issue largely ignored by the western media.
- Resolution 181 (II). Future government of Palestine - United Nations
- More than 100 countries recognize Palestine as a state.
- Obama, Netanyahu and the 'Palestinian state'.
- Defensible borders