The static universe model is the obsolete theory, held during the 19th and early 20th centuries, that the universe is static, neither expanding nor contracting. It is now known that the universe is expanding, due to the Big Bang creation. There is scientific controversy over when the big bang creation occurred, whether it was billions of years ago or much more recent, but there is strong evidence that the universe had a beginning and the static universe theory is false.
The static universe model was disproven in 1916, with the publication of Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity, which proved that the universe is inherently unstable, and must therefore either be expanding or contracting. The discovery of the redshift proved that the universe is expanding, and must have had a beginning. Despite all of this proof, there are still atheists who cling to the obsolete static universe model, because the big bang implies divine creation.
- Evidences for God From Space—Laws of Science
- Thompson, Bert, So Long, Eternal Universe; Hello Beginning, Hello End!, 2001 (Apologetics Press)