Theft is the completed or attempted theft of property or cash without personal contact. Incidents involving theft of property from within the sample household would classify as theft if the offender has a legal right to be in the house (such as a maid, delivery person, or guest). If the offender has no legal right to be in the house, the incident would classify as a burglary.
- Completed - To successfully take without permission property or cash without personal contact between the victim and offender.
- Attempted - To unsuccessfully attempt to take property or cash without personal contact.
According to the Bible, theft was punished in many different ways. Depending on the type of item stolen, the thief would provide restitution equal to a certain number of times the value of the original object. If the thief was unable to provide this restitution, then he could be sold into slavery.
Exodus 22:1 If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.
Exodus 22:2 If a thief be found breaking up, and be smitten that he die, there shall no blood be shed for him.
Exodus 22:3 If the sun be risen upon him, there shall be blood shed for him; for he should make full restitution; if he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft.
In modern law, theft can be either a felony or a misdemeanor depending on the value of the items taken and whether the thief used weapons. So, punishment will vary depending on the circumstances of each theft.