Stephen Foster, born in Pennsylvania, was a songwriter in the 19th century. His first big hit was Oh! Susanna. He was also known as the composer of "Camptown Races" and the state anthems of Florida and Kentucky. He was born on July 4, 1826 and died on January 13, 1864.
Although his songs were very popular, the system of royalties that are in place today didn't exist in the same form back then. He died penniless.