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A superdelegate to the Democratic national convention is a common term used to refer to a delegate to the convention by virtue of holding office or being selected by the party rather than being elected as part of the primary system. Superdelegates are not pledged to any one candidate and are free to vote for any candidate.

One fifth of the delegates to the Democratic national convention are superdelegates, giving them power to change the outcome in a close race for the presidential nomination.

The Democrats adopted this system of superdelegates to avert another fiasco like that experienced in 1972, when the purely democratic nomination process produced an unelectable candidate for president, George McGovern.