Suprematism

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Suprematism (supremacy of pure artistic feeling, term coined in 1915 by Kazimir Malevich) was an art movement, focused on basic geometric forms, painted in a limited range of colors. In 1913, Kazimir Malevich (1878-1935) began creating abstract geometric patterns in a style he called later Suprematism - where art could be free from the burden of the object. Suprematist painters were Kseniya Boguslavskaya (1892–1972), Il’ya Chashnik (1902–29), Nikolay Suetin (1897–1954), Vera Yermolayeva (1893–1938) and Lev Yudin (1903–41).

A Futurist Exhibition took place in St. Petersburg in December 1915; this exhibition has since been credited in launching two new styles Constructivism along with Suprematism, which dominated art in Russia including image design, architecture and theatre until Socialist Realism was forcibly introduced. [1]

Suprematism was opposed to political positions of Constructivism.

Kazimir Malevich, Pre-Suprematism: The Woodcutter, 1912
Kazimir Malevich, Black Suprematic Square, 1915.
Kazimir Malevich, Suprematism: Supremus No. 58, 1916.


Under Suprematism I understand the supremacy of pure feeling in creative art. To the Suprematist the visual phenomena of the objective world are, in themselves, meaningless; the significant thing is feeling, as such, quite apart from the environment in which it is called forth. Malevich. [2]

See also

Ivan Kliun, Sfera bespredmet, 1925.

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