Tao Te Ching
|Tao Te Ching|
|Literal meaning||way [of] virtue, classic book|
Because of its age, the history of the Tao Te Ching in uncertain. The first version appeared during the 7th century B.C. However, it may have been written earlier than that. During the 6th century B.C. Lao Tzu's students gathered his various writings to produce the official Tao Te Ching. The eighty one chapters are considered the true philosophy of Lao Tzu.
It is divided into 81 poems and short stories, about 5,000 characters in all. The passages in Tao Te Ching are sometimes difficult to translate; many translations are not very good.
- God or Tao: "There was something formless and perfect before the universe was born. It is serene. Empty. Solitary. Unchanging. Infinite. Eternally present. It is the mother of the universe. For lack of a better name, I call it the Tao. It flows through all things, inside and outside, and returns to the origin of all things. The Tao is great. The universe is great. Earth is great. Man is great. These are the four great powers. Man follows the earth. Earth follows the universe. The universe follows the Tao. The Tao follows only itself." - Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching, Chapter 25, Stephen Mitchell translation.
- Meditation: "Stop thinking, and end your problems." - Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching, Chapter 20, Stephen Mitchell translation.
- Pacifism and non-violence
- The trap of greed
- Respect for elder's wisdom
- Pursuit of worldly and spiritual knowledge
- Flexibility in life
- Acceptance of death
- The power of words and symbols
- "When the great Tao is forgotten, goodness and piety appear. When the body’s intelligence declines, cleverness and knowledge step forth. When there is no peace in the family, filial piety begins. When the country falls into chaos, patriotism is born." - Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching, Chapter 18, Mitchell translation.
- Chuang Tzu - the second most famous Taoist ancient text
- Lao Tzu and the Dao De Jing
- Sun Tzu - The Art of Warfare
- Carl von Clausewitz - Western Art of Warfare
- Martial arts: Tai Chi, Aikido and Kung Fu
- Traditional Chinese Medicine
- Falun Gong
- Feng Shui