The Grito de Dolores
On September 16, 1810, the "Grito de Dolores" was the call for insurrection against the authorities of Spain given by Miguel Hidalgo, in the town of Dolores, near Guanajuato. He started the demand for full independence of Mexico from Spain.
Every year at midnight on September 15, Mexicans led by the president of Mexico shout the Grito, honoring the crucial and impulsive action that was the catalyst for the country's bloody struggle for independence from Spain. Mexican Independence This night the President of the Republic goes out onto the central balcony of the National Palace (Palacio Nacional), rings the bell (the same bell Hidalgo rang in 1810) and shouts to the people gathered in the square below: Viva Mexico! The crowd responds: Viva! Fireworks light up the sky as the crowd cheers. Independence Day in Mexico
Hidalgo is revered as the father of Mexican independence. Mexico achieve its independence until 1821.
- Cry of Dolores Encyclopædia Britannica.