The Jungle (novel)
The Jungle (1906) is a novel by socialist author Upton Sinclair depicting the harsh conditions of poverty for immigrants in the early twentieth century. The book describes the story of Jurgis Rudkus and his family struggling to survive in the stockyards of Chicago, which by that time had flooded with European immigrants seeking a new life in the United States. Most of the story describes the scarcity of jobs and the disgusting conditions of the factories in which the immigrants were forced to work. Sinclair meant to show the necessity of socialisic control of businesses in improving the lives of these poor and starving people. Instead, its depiction of meat packing plants eventually led to the passage of the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906. He later said, "I aimed at the public’s heart and by accident hit its stomach".