Thomas v. Members of City Council of Portland

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In Thomas v. Members of City Council of Portland, 730 F.2d 41 (1st Cir. 1984), the Court of Appeals for the First Circuit rejected a claim of a Second Amendment right to carry a handgun. The Court affirmed the dismissal of lawsuit against the City of Portland, Maine, by someone who had been denied a permit to carry a concealed handgun.

The unanimous panel of the Court wrote in a one-paragraph per curiam opinion:

Established case law makes clear that the federal Constitution grants appellant no right to carry a concealed handgun. See, e.g., United States v. Miller, 307 U.S. 174, 178, 83 L. Ed. 1206, 59 S. Ct. 816 (1939) (second amendment applies only to weapons that have a "reasonable relationship to the preservation or efficiency of a well regulated militia."); United States v. Oakes, 564 F.2d 384, 387 (10th Cir. 1977), cert. denied, 435 U.S. 926, 55 L. Ed. 2d 521, 98 S. Ct. 1493 (1978) (same); United States v. Johnson, 497 F.2d 548, 550 (4th Cir. 1974) (same); Presser v. Illinois, 116 U.S. 252, 265, 29 L. Ed. 615, 6 S. Ct. 580 (1886) (second amendment confers rights as against activity by the "federal government only"); Quilici v. Village of Morton Grove, 695 F.2d 261, 269-70 (7th Cir. 1982), cert. denied, 464 U.S. 863, 104 S. Ct. 194, 78 L. Ed. 2d 170 (1983) (same); Cases v. United States, 131 F.2d 916, 921 (1st Cir. 1942), cert. denied, 319 U.S. 770, 87 L. Ed. 1718, 63 S. Ct. 1431 (1943) (same); United States v. Warin, 530 F.2d 103, 106 (6th Cir.), cert. denied, 426 U.S. 948, 49 L. Ed. 2d 1185, 96 S. Ct. 3168 (1976) (second amendment grants right to the state, not the individual); Stevens v. United States, 440 F.2d 144, 149 (6th Cir. 1971) (same). See Lewis v. United States, 445 U.S. 55, 65 n. 8, 63 L. Ed. 2d 198, 100 S. Ct. 915 (1980).
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