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The Transvaal is a former province of South Africa, located in the north of the country, north of the River Vaal which separated it from the Orange Free State. The name was informally attached to the quasi-independent South African Republic, which existed from the 1870s until it was conquered by Britain during the Boer War, and was used by the British as the official name of the newly acquired territory.

Following the independence of South Africa in 1994, the provincial boundaries were altered and the Transvaal was sub-divided into the four provinces of Gauteng (formerly known as PWV, standing for Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Vaal Triangle), North-West, Limpopo and Mpumalanga.