Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea
The Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea (Japanese: 日韓基本条約 Nikkan Kihon Jōyaku Hangul: 한일기본조약 Hanil Gibon Joyak) was signed on 22 June, 1965 to establish a basic relationship between Japan and the Republic of Korea.
The signing of the treaty ended a five-year process that took place between 1961 and 1965, aimed at normalising relations between Japan and South Korea. The signing of the treaty boosted the Korean economy, as Japan pledged close to $800 million in grants and soft loans, as compensation for its colonial rule between 1910 and 1945. However, it also ended the possibility of Koreans making any further claims on the Japanese government for compensation for abuses committed during the occupation.
Text of the Treaty
|“|| Japan and the Republic of Korea,
Considering the historical background of relationship between their peoples and their mutual desire for good neighborliness and for the normalization of their relations on the basis of the principle of mutual respect for sovereignty;
Recognizing the importance of their close cooperation in conformity with the principles of the Charter of the United Nations to the promotion of their mutual welfare and common interests and to the maintenance of international peace and security; and
Recalling the relevant provisions of the Treaty of Peace with Japan signed at the city of San Francisco on September 8, 1951 and the Resolution 195 (III) adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 12, 1948;
Have resolved to conclude the present Treaty on Basic Relations and have accordingly appointed as their Plenipotentiaries,
The Republic of Korea:
Who, having communicated to each other their full powers found to be in good and due form, have agreed upon the following articles:
Diplomatic and consular relations shall be established between the High Contracting Parties. The High Contracting Parties shall exchange diplomatic envoys with the Ambassadorial rank without delay. The High Contracting Parties will also establish consulates at locations to be agreed upon by the two Governments.
It is confirmed that all treaties or agreements concluded between the Empire of Japan and the Empire of Korea on or before August 22, 1910 are already null and void.
It is confirmed that the Government of the Republic of Korea is the only lawful Government in Korea as specified in the Resolution 195 (III) of the United Nations General Assembly.
(a) The High Contracting Parties will be guided by the principles of the Charter of the United Nations in their mutual relations.
(b) The High Contracting Parties will cooperate in conformity with the principles of the Charter of the United Nations in promoting their mutual welfare and common interests.
The High Contracting Parties will enter into negotiations at the earliest practicable date for the conclusion of treaties or agreements to place their trading, maritime and other commercial relations on a stable and friendly basis.
The High Contracting Parties will enter into negotiations at the earliest practicable date for the conclusion of an agreement relating to civil air transport.
The present Treaty shall be ratified. The instruments of ratification shall be exchanged at Seoul as soon as possible. The present Treaty shall enter into force as from the date on which the instruments of ratification are exchanged.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the present Treaty and have affixed thereto their seals.
DONE in duplicate at Tokyo, this twenty-second day of June of the year one thousand nine hundred and sixty-five in the Japanese, Korean, and English languages, each text being equally authentic. In case of any divergence of interpretation, the English text shall prevail.
FOR THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA:
Tong Won Lee
Dong Jo Kim
- Protectorate Treaty of 1904
- Eulsa Treaty
- Japan-Korea Annexation Treaty of 1907
- Japan Korea Annexation Treaty
- Lee, Chong-Sik; Japan and Korea: The Political Dimension; Stanford, CA: The Hoover Institution; Stanford University; 1985.
- Christensen, K (ed.), Encyclopedia of Modern Asia, Berkshire Publishing Group LLC; 2002, ISBN: 0-684-80617-7