Type 93 flamethrower

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The type 93 flamethrower was developed by the Japanese for uses during World War 2. It was largely based on the American design used during World War 1, but used a different blend of fuel based on the flammable materials available to them.


The Type 93 flamethrower consists of a gun connected to a fuel unit by a hose. The fuel unit consists of three cylinders: two outer fuel cylinders and a central cylinder. Each is about a foot long, and 6 inches in diameter. The cylinders can contain up to 23 liters of a mixture of gasoline, rice wine (sake), and tar. Pressure is controlled by two manually-operated needle valves. This tank assembly was fitted with straps to permit it to be carried on the operator's back like an infantry pack.[1]

The 45 inch fuel hose was made of reinforced rubber tubing, with brass fittings on both ends. The flame gun, three to four feet long, was a 1-inch diameter tube with a fuel ejection handle located near the hose connection, and a 1/4-inch nozzle with the firing mechanism attached to the other end.