The Japanese Ukiyo-e
"Ukiyo-e is often translated as "pictures of the floating world," a world which flourished in the Edo period (1603-1868). The prints capture the essence of an exuberant, hedonistic age, depicting stylish courtesans, Kabuki actors, and other scenes of the demimonde." 
They are made in the form of a woodblock print. Ukiyo-e were at their peak in the Edo period.