President of the United States of America

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The United States Presidential Seal

The President of the United States is the head of the U.S. Executive Branch. As the head of state of the United States of America, the president is one of the most powerful people in the world. The writers of the Constitution recognized that they were writing a job description which, in England, was and is filled by the office of the prime minister and position of the monarch. At that time, the monarchy of England did not appear to serve the common man and the Founding Fathers wanted a government that did.

Contents

Current President

The 44th and current President is Barack Hussein Obama. He took office on January 20, 2009. His predecessor was George Walker Bush.

Election

The president is selected every four years by the American people, although not through a popular vote but rather through the Electoral College. This process makes the presidency one of the few elected officials in the United States of America chosen indirectly. The Founding Fathers implimented this procedure to ensure the relevance of smaller states in the voting process.

Term Limits

Prior to Franklin Delano Roosevelt, presidents voluntarily limited themselves to two terms as an homage to George Washington. After Franklin D. Roosevelt served a little over twelve years in office, Congress passed the 22nd Constitutional Amendment restricting future presidents to two terms.

However if the vice president succeeds to the presidency with no more than two years left in the prior president's term, he is allowed to run for two full terms, raising the potential time in office to ten years.

The first president to whom term limits applied was Dwight D. Eisenhower.

See Also

Vice President of the United States of America


Presidents list

President Years State Party Vice President(s)
1. George Washington 1789-1797 Virginia none Adams
2. John Adams 1797-1801 Massachusetts Federalist Jefferson
3. Thomas Jefferson 1801-1809 Virginia Democratic-Republican Burr, Clinton
4. James Madison 1809-1817 Virginia Democratic-Republican Clinton, Gerry
5. James Monroe 1817-1825 Virginia Democratic-Republican Tompkins
6. John Quincy Adams 1825-1829 Massachusetts National Republican Calhoun
7. Andrew Jackson 1829-1837 Tennessee Democratic Calhoun, Van Buren
8. Martin van Buren 1837-1841 New York Democratic Johnson
9. William Henry Harrison 1841 none Whig Tyler
10. John Tyler 1841-1845 Virginia Whig none
11. James Knox Polk 1845-1849 Tennessee Democratic Dallas
12. Zachary Taylor 1849-1850 none Whig Filmore
13. Millard Filmore 1850-1853 New York Whig none
14. Franklin Pierce 1853-1857 New Hampshire Democratic King
15. James Buchanan 1857-1861 Pennsylvania Democratic Breckenridge
16. Abraham Lincoln 1861-1865 Illinois Republican Hamlin, Grant
17. Andrew Johnson 1865-1869 Tennessee none none
18. Ulysses S. Grant 1869-1877 Ohio Republican Colfax, Wilson
19. Rutherford Hayes 1877-1881 Ohio Republican Wheeler
20. James Garfield 1881 Ohio Republican Arthur
21. Chester Arthur 1881-1885 New York Republican none
22. Grover Cleveland 1885-1889 New York Democratic Hendricks
23. Benjamin Harrison 1889-1893 Ohio Republican Morton
24. Grover Cleveland 1893-1897 New York Democratic Stevenson
25. William McKinley 1897-1901 Ohio Republican Roosevelt
26. Theodore Roosevelt 1901-1909 New York Republican Fairbanks
27. William Taft 1909-1913 Ohio Republican Sherman
28. Woodrow Wilson 1913-1921 Virginia Democratic Marshall
29. Warren G. Harding 1921-1923 Ohio Republican Coolidge
30. Calvin Coolidge 1923-1929 Massachusetts Republican Dawes
31. Herbert Hoover 1929-1933 California Republican Curtis
32. Franklin Delano Roosevelt 1933-1945 New York Democratic Garner, Wallace, Truman
33. Harry S. Truman 1945-1953 Missouri Democratic Barkley
34. Dwight David Eisenhower 1953-1961 Pennsylvania Republican Nixon
35. John Fitzgerald Kennedy 1961-1963 Massachusetts Democratic Johnson
36. Lyndon Baines Johnson 1963-1969 Texas Democratic Humphrey
37. Richard Milhouse Nixon 1969-1974 California Republican Agnew, Ford
38. Gerald Ford 1974-1977 Nebraska Republican Rockefeller
39. Jimmy Carter 1977-1981 Georgia Democratic Mondale
40. Ronald Wilson Reagan 1981-1989 California Republican (H.W.) Bush
41. George Herbert Walker Bush 1989-1993 Texas Republican Quayle
42. Bill Clinton 1993-2001 Arkansas Democratic Gore
43. George Walker Bush 2001-2009 Texas Republican Cheney
44. Barack Hussein Obama 2009 - Illinois Democratic Biden



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