Universal Declaration of Human Rights

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The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) was a United Nations' definition of basic human rights as including "life, liberty, and security of person."

The draft was prepared by France and Canada, with special input from the chief American delegate Eleanor Roosevelt, and unanimously approved.

Echoing the American Declaration of Independence of 1776, Article I proclaimed:


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

The articles can broadly be split into two groups; Articles 4 - 22 outline civil and political rights, such as the right to vote, and the right to freedom of speech; while 23 - 30 give socioeconomic rights, such as the rights to social security, health care, education, and a clean environment. Many of the articles run directly contrary to Marxist doctrine.

Article 18

Article 18 states:


Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.

This article was not respected by much of the Soviet bloc until after the collapse of Communism. In China, the CCP still targets and persecutes certain religious believers, notably Christians and Falun Gong.

Reference

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