The Vendée Rebellion was an 'anti-revolutionary' rebellion as opposed to a 'counter-revolutionary' rebellion as it was directed against the French Revolution's demands rather than working to restore the ancién regime.
In early 1793 the government ordered the conscription of 300,000 troops from the south of France. On the 11 March 1793, four departments south of the Loire river revolted. The discontent was not limited to the troop levy. Under the new government, this region was paying more taxes then they had under the monarchy. They also hated the anti-catholic policies of the revolutionary government as it was a deeply catholic region.
The situation became serious enough that the government withdrew 30,000 troops from the northern front to deal with the peasants. Yet the rebels were never a true threat to the government, they were more suited to guerilla warfare then open war and they refused to move far from the homes they were defending.