Voter ID legislation
Voter ID legislation in some states requires voters wishing to cast a ballot at the polls (and in some cases, via absentee ballot) to present approved identification. Voters without identification are generally allowed to cast a provisional ballot, which may be counted only if the voter takes additional steps after the ballot is cast, such as providing identification or signing an affidavit.
Voter ID proponents argue that requiring voters to present identification will reduce voter fraud. Opponents suggest that in-person impersonation fraud, the kind of fraud typical voter ID laws are able to prevent, is very rare, and they argue that voter ID requirements can have a disparate impact on minority voters, college students, and the elderly.