Wellington is the capital of and third largest city in New Zealand. It is situated at the southern end of the North Island. Wellington sits on extremely active fault-lines and earthquakes are common. In 1855 Wellington was rocked by the largest earthquake ever recorded in New Zealand which lifted up large tracts of Wellington harbour. In native Māori it's is called "Te Whanga-nui-a-Tara" which translates as "the great harbour of Tara".