Wet-foot, dry-foot policy
The Wet foot, dry foot policy (1996) offers asylum to refugees fleeing Cuba's dictatorship on the basis that they reach United States soil ("dry foot"). Cuban refugees who do not reach United States ground ("wet foot") are apprehended and sent back to Cuba or another country. The policy is formally known as the U.S.-Cuba Immigration Accord, and was written into law as an amendment to the 1966 Cuban Adjustment Act.
In 1994 an estimated 25 to 75 percent of all those who attempted to the United States from Cuba died at sea.