White supremacy is a manifestation of identity politics. It is a racist ideology which asserts that white people (often known as 'Aryans', although not in the Indo-Iranian sense) are somehow "better" than people of other races. These feelings can range from mild (personal bigotry) to extreme (advocating political and social dominance for white people, or ethnic cleansing). White supremacism is often associated with evolutionary racism, Nazism and other fascist ideologies.
Adolf Hitler was an evolutionary racist who advocated that the German people were the master race. Albert Speer wrote that Hitler "was highly annoyed by the series of triumphs by the marvelous colored American runner, Jesse Owens. People whose antecedents came from the jungle were primitive, Hitler said with a shrug; their physiques were stronger than those of civilized whites and hence should be excluded from future games."
White supremacism as a movement in the United States was most recently closely associated with four groups, Aryan Nations, the National Alliance, the Creativity Movement, and White Aryan Resistance, as well as many smaller, often short-lived groups. All four of these groups peaked in the 1980s-90s and are now in disarray. Aryan Nations, in particular, attempted to unite disparate elements of white supremacism around the Christian Identity belief system.
Ku Klux Klan
Ku Klux Klan leader David Duke and evolutionary racism
In 2005, Dr. Jerry Bergman wrote:
|“|| David Duke, a leader of several racist groups including the Ku Klux Klan and the American Nazi party, has ‘become a political rock star of sorts’—and one of the most well-known Americans of the past decade. Furthermore, Duke has worked with virtually every prominent American racist of the last 30 years. Duke’s popularity can be gauged by the fact that he received 680,000 votes in the 1991 Louisiana gubernatorial runoff, and was elected to serve in congress in the state of Louisiana....
Duke’s father, a geologist, tried to reconcile evolution with Christianity by concluding that evolution was the means God used to create life. This background set the groundwork for Duke’s later acceptance of Darwinism. As he read more and more on ‘the scientific issue of race’, he became torn between his religion and science. Duke was doing his research on Darwinism while he was attending a Church of Christ school in New Orleans. As a result of his study of evolution, Duke openly challenged his Sunday school teachers by discussing his evolving ideas about the origin of humans, and their implication for racism. When endeavoring to combine his Darwinist racist beliefs with Christianity, Duke used many of the same rationalizations used by theistic evolutionists to rationalize the plain statements of Genesis.
Duke eventually sided with Darwinism and rejected creationism. He concluded that with, ‘each passing day more evidence emerges of the dynamic, genetically-born, physical and physiological differences between the races’. So ended his ‘fleeting commitment’ to orthodox Christianity, even though he still peppers his writings with religious phrases, such as if ‘I can move our people one inch toward … God … my life will have been worthwhile’. His life tells a very different story. In short, after his acceptance of Darwinism, Duke unabashedly classified both the European and Asian races at a ‘higher level of human evolution than the African race’. He concluded that, ‘the evolution of man from his primitive to his modern state came from Nature’. Duke now firmly believes that ‘all life on Earth had evolved and is still undergoing change’.
For more information, please see: Darwin's influence on modern racists by Dr. Jerry Bergman
Confusion in academic circles
While the meaning (discussed above) of "white supremacy" has been well understood for decades, some academic scholars have sought to cloud the issue. Since the 1970s, some civil rights leaders have complained of "institutional racism" that is the product of a total institution, even when the individuals are not racist. Such collective "racism" gave rise to demands for "sensitivity training" of individuals as well as express affirmative action quotas. Although allegations of institutional racism have become passe, the concept has now reappeared by redefining "white supremacy." For example, legal scholar Frances Lee Ansley explains this definition as follows:
|“||By "white supremacy" I do not mean to allude only to the self-conscious racism of white supremacist hate groups. I refer instead to a political, economic and cultural system in which whites overwhelmingly control power and material resources, conscious and unconscious ideas of white superiority and entitlement are widespread, and relations of white dominance and non-white subordination are daily reenacted across a broad array of institutions and social settings.||”|
In effect, unconscious compliance with the status quo norms of United States society can make a person a "white supremacist" under this definition.
Atheist group the Creativity Movement
- Hitler, Nazi Philosophy and Sport (2009). Retrieved on March 23, 2014.
- Darwin's influence on modern racists by Dr. Jerry Bergman]
- Darwin's influence on modern racists by Dr. Jerry Bergman]
- Ansley, Frances Lee (1989). "Stirring the Ashes: Race, Class and the Future of Civil Rights Scholarship". Cornell Law Review 74: 993ff.
- Ansley, Frances Lee (1997-06-29). "White supremacy (and what we should do about it)", Critical white studies: Looking behind the mirror. Temple University Press. ISBN 978-1-56639-532-8.
- The new white nationalism in America: its challenge to integration. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved on 2011–03–27. “For instance, Ben Klassen, founder of the atheistic World Church of the Creator and the author of The White Man's Bible, discusses Christianity extensively in his writings and denounces religion that has brought untold horror into the world and divided the white race.”
- Contemporary voices of white nationalism in America. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved on 2011–03–27. “World Church of the Creator, an organization that espouses an atheistic and white supremacist religious philosophy known as Creativity.”
- The World's Religions: Continuities and Transformations. Taylor & Francis. Retrieved on 2011–03–27. “A competing atheistic or panthestic white racist movement also appeared, which included the Church of the Creator/ Creativity (Gardell 2003: 129–134).”