William P. Rogers

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William P. Rogers (b. Norfolk, N.Y., 1913-2001) was a United States government official for two Republican administrations. He served as deputy attorney general under President Dwight D. Eisenhower, where he vigorously fought for passage of the 1957 Civil Rights Act. Rogers went on to serve as Secretary of State under President Richard Nixon from 1969-1973. In 1970, he arranged a cease-fire in the Middle East between Israel and Egypt. However, because of the determination of President Nixon and National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger to control U.S. foreign policy, his power as Secretary of State was under mind. In 1973, Rogers was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

He briefly re-entered politics in 1986 when he headed the special presidential commission set up to investigate the explosion of the space shuttle Challenger.

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