William Samuel Johnson

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William Samuel Johnson (b. October 7, 1727; d. November 14, 1819) was a lawyer and politician from Connecticut. He attended the Federal Constitutional Convention and signed the United States Constitution.

Contents

Early Life

Johnson was born in Stratford, Connecticut, on October 7, 1727. As a child, he was homeschooled, receiving private tutoring from his father, Samuel Johnson. He attended both Yale and Harvard, graduating from the former in 1744 and the latter in 1747. Following graduation, he pursued a course of study in law, and entered practice in Stratford. [1]


Continental Congress

Johnson rejected his election to the First Continental Congress due to a desire to avoid extreme measures and reach a compromise with Britain. This decision provoked strong Patriot criticism and resulted in the loss of his militia command. Later, however, Johnson wholeheartedly embraced the cause of independence, recognizing that compromise was not a viable option. He served in the Continental Congress from 1785-1787, and enjoyed great popularity and influence with the other delegates. [2]


Constitutional Convention

Johnson represented Connecticut at the Constitutional Convention of 1787. He played a major role there, arguing powerfully and eloquently for a strong federal government and for equal representation for all states. Towards this end, he was a strong supporter of the New Jersey Plan, and later the Connecticut Compromise. [3]


Later Political Service

Fittingly, Johnson became one of Connecticut's first Senators in 1789, taking up service in the chamber he had done so much to help create. He served in this position until 1791. During this time, he also served as the first president of Columbia College, a position to which he had ascended in 1787. As president, he worked to improve the school's prestige and academic standing while retaining its strongly religious character. When the federal government moved from New York to Philadelphia, Johnson chose private service over public office, remaining in his capacity as president of Columbia until 1800. [4]


Death

William Samuel Johnson died in Stratford, Connecticut on November 14, 1819. He was buried in the Episcopal Cemetery. [5]

References

  1. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=J000182
  2. http://www.history.army.mil/books/RevWar/ss/johnson.htm
  3. http://www.history.army.mil/books/RevWar/ss/johnson.htm
  4. http://www.history.army.mil/books/RevWar/ss/johnson.htm
  5. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=J000182
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