William Z. Foster

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William Z. Foster
William Z Foster.png

Born February 25, 1881
Taunton, Massachusetts
Died September 1st, 1961
Moscow, Soviet Union
Spouse Esther Abramowitz Foster[1]

William Z. Foster (February 25, 1881 - September 1, 1961) was a highly influential leader of the Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA) as well as a prolific author.

Early life

William Foster was born in Massachusetts in 1881 to poor European immigrants and began to work full time from the age of 10. As he entered his twenties he began to subscribe to socialist views, joining the Socialist Party in 1901 but was expelled in a faction war, and later the Industrial Workers of the World in 1909, leaving the latter organisation when his plan to infiltrate the American Federation of Labor was turned down. He went on to join the AFL in 1919 led the very large, but unsuccessful, Steel Strike.

Communist Years

Document 54 from Soviet Archives. Alexander and Earl [Browder] to [William] Foster, 11 July 1928, RTsKhIDNI 534–6–137. Original in English. At this time Browder was working for the Comintern and serving as the first general secretary of the Pan-Pacific Trade Union Secretariat. "Alexander" was the alias of a Profintern official named Keetagnian.[2]

Foster joined the newly formed American Communist Party (CPUSA) in the 1919, and ran for the U.S. Presidency on the CPUSA ticket in 1924 and 1928 with Benjamin Gitlow for Vice President, and 1932 with James W. Ford.

After the third attempt to run for president he suffered a serious heart attack and was relieved of his post. Foster was always loyal to Josef Stalin, and Stalin brought him back in 1945 to replace Earl Browder.

Zebulon

William Foster's middle initial "Z." was added as a way to distinguish himself as a communist author, as well as to avoid snail-mail confusion with another William Foster who lived in Spokane at the time. It was never officially intended(nor legally changed) to signify a middle name.[3]

Indictment

Foster was indicted under the Smith Act in 1948 for subversion, but did not go on trial because of his poor health. He later lost his post in the Communist Party for refusing to condemn the Soviet suppression of the Hungarian Revolution.

Death

He died on September 1, 1961, in the Soviet Union.[4]

Works

Further reading

See also

References

  1. From Street Fighter to Stalinist, The New York Times
  2. The Soviet World of American Communism, Harvey Klehr, John Earl Haynes, Kyrill M. Anderson, Yale University Press, 1996, p. 187, 190.
  3. Forging American Communism: The Life of William Z. Foster
  4. American Economic History: A Dictionary and Chronology: A Dictionary and Chronology

External links