Willy Brandt (1913-1992) was the fourth chancellor of Germany, president of the Socialist International and chairman of the Socialdemocratic party of Germany, which he had joined in 1930.
In 1933, he emigrated to Norway and in 1940 to Sweden, but he returned to Germany after the Second World War.
In 1966, he became foreign minister in the government of Georg Kiesinger in a coalition of the center-right CDU/CSU and the social-democratic SPD.
In 1969, he let a government of SPD and the liberal FDP, but resigned in 1974, when a spy of GDR was found in his administration.
He was known for his improvement of the relationships to the German Democratic Republic, but his policy was supported by Richard Nixon.