Wisconsin v. Yoder
In Wisconsin v. Yoder, 406 U.S. 205 (1972), the U.S. Supreme Court held that the Amish had a right under the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment to violate the state's compulsory education laws. "The history and culture of Western civilization reflect a strong tradition of parental concern for the nurture and upbringing of their children. This primary role of the parents in the upbringing of their children is now established beyond debate as an enduring American tradition." Id. at 232.
Chief Justice Warren Burger, who was a defender of the Amish tradition, wrote the opinion for the Court.