World History Homework Eight Answers - Student 9
1.Whom do you appreciate the most from the Enlightenment, and why? I appreciate John Locke the most. This Englishman who lived from 1632-1704 helped to lay down the foundations for the new form of government of the America colonies. He described government as a contract between an individual and society. Locke built on the prior work of Englishmen Francis Bacon and Thomas Hobbes and created a wonderful idea which Americans today have to thank him for.
- Excellent. The Declaration of Independence was based in part on John Locke's ideas.
2.Explain what the Scientific Revolution was. The scientific revolution started with Nicolas Copernicus (1473-1543) who claimed that the earth revolved around the sun. Copernicus began the scientific revolution which rejected the geocentric theory of the universe. His new discovery led to other great works and theories of great scientists like Galileo and Sir Issac Newton.
4.Describe an aspect of the Age of Exploration. In 1492 a year before the age of exploration officially began, a man from the Italian city of Genoa set sail from Spain to discover a new trade route to the Indies. This man was Christopher Columbus. He received funding for his voyage from King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella from Spain. Christopher Columbus failed to reach the Indies, but he found something even greater, the continent of America. Columbus discovery laid the foundation for the age of exploration and set the stage for other world powers to come and explore the Americas.
- Good writing and explanation.
5.What were the nation-states? Give an example as part of your answer. Nation-states were independent entities that arose due to the states being governed by external religious leaders. They were states that encompassed territory inhabited by self-identified nations. These nation-states gave rise to the Thirty Years War in Europe. Nation-states arose especially after the French Revolution in France when the common people rebelled against the aristocrats.
6.The "invisible hand" was discovered and explained by whom? Discuss, including when, why, the effect, and the name of the work.
The invisible hand was discovered and explained by Adam Smith of Scotland. Adam Smith explained this concept in his book The Wealth of Nations published in 1776. He explained how the basis of wealth is found in a free unregulated economy, whereby the supply of goods and services responds to the demands of the public without the help of the government. He also popularized the concept of laissez faire economics, which basically means “hands off” by government. As a result of Smith's theory, Capitalism flourished in Britain.
- Excellent. ("Capitalism" is usually not capitalized unless it begins a sentence.)
8.Explain how the American colonies fit into part of world history in the lecture. The American colonies are a part of this world history lecture because it was the battle ground for part of the Seven Years War in 1756-1763. Commercial competition between European nations culminated in the Seven Years’ War . The French and Indian War was the American version of the Seven Years War. This war marked the end of Spanish and French influence in the Americas. It also made Britain the primary superpower for 150 years. The French and Indian War consisted of 20 battles and took the lives of about a million people.
- That's a lot of casualties. Good answer.
- Grade: 60/60. Excellent.--Andy Schlafly 21:57, 9 November 2011 (EST)