World History Homework Eleven Answers - Student Fourteen
1. What was the "Great War," and why was it called that? Who was on each side?
The “Great War”, now known as World War I, was dubbed the “Great War” for the simple reason that it was the greatest war the world had ever seen. It had the greatest loss of life, the greatest involvement of nations, the greatest battles, the greatest stalemates, the greatest government involvement in civilians affairs, in the minds of the participants, every aspect of this war surpassed all wars that had come before. The great world powers of the time were pitted against each other; the Triple Entente, which included France, Russia, and Great Britain, versus the Triple Alliance: Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. The results of this war were great as well, the shifts in power were major and upsetting enough to trigger another World War.
- Terrific answer, and may use it as a model. Note that Italy switched sides during the war.
2. Who won World War I? Explain the outcome.
If anyone came out of the war the better for it, it would be America and Japan, and that is only because they managed to remain fairly uninvolved. There were no winners in the war, but there were definite losers. Austria-Hungary entered the war with an empire, and left as a bare shadow of a nation. Russia lost a lot of territory, military strength, and ended with a dysfunctional government. Germany, however, fared the worst. It was disarmed and prohibited from rearming, was heavily fined, forced to give up land, and blamed almost entirely for the war. The Allies lost as well, by setting up perfect conditions for World War II.
- Superb again, also model material.
3. Pick your favorite battle of the War and describe it.
The Battle of Verdun. If one battle had to be picked to compare the war to, it would be Verdun. The casualties were enormous, it lasted far more time than was anticipated, and at the end, everything was in the same spot as before. Nothing was accomplished but loss of life.
4. When, where, why, and by whom did the Communist Revolution occur?
The Communist Revolution occurred in Russia, in 1917. The people of Russia were tired of being oppressed, tired of being under the thumb of the czar. The Russians had just lost a war against Japan, a nation that was not considered to be a world power at this time, so it was shameful to the Russians to have lost to them. The ideas of the Marxists had taken hold, and by 1903, there were two groups of them in Russia; the Mensheviks, and the Bolsheviks. It was the Bolsheviks who led the revolution against the czar. In 1920, communist power had been established, and a constitution was established. But everyone knew that the real power was held by the communists, and that they would never willing allow another party to gain power under their watch.
5. Pick an aspect of "Science and Art in the Early 20th Century" and describe it, along with your view.
During this time there was a movement away from Christian values. It was evident in the culture of the time; the science, the literature, and philosophy showed it clearly. The philosophy especially showed decidedly anti-Christian aspects. Some, like Jean Paul Sartre and Karl Jaspers, came to the conclusion that life had no meaning, and neither did God or morality. There were those like Freud who believed that mankind was inherently good, and would be better off on their own, that they did not need a governing authority, or God.
- Terrific insights.
6. Describe a European colony in the 20th century, and what happened to it.
India. The Indians, under the leadership of Ghandi, had lent their support to the British during WWI, with the hope that their loyalty would be recognized, and their independence granted. But things did not turn out as they had planned. The British government had no intentions of renouncing their claims on India; it was too valuable to them. Ghandi and his followers then turned to peaceful protests, until the Government of India Act was passed in 1935. This created some self-rule, giving India more control over their own country. Later, a separate country was created for the Muslims who had previously lived in India to go to; Pakistan. These two countries still bear animosity towards each other today.
- Excellent again, but note his correct spelling: "Gandhi", not "Ghandi".
7. Current events question: Do you think our economic problems today are -- or are not -- similar to the Great Depression? Explain by including some history about the Great Depression.
I think they bear some similarity to the Great Depression. The government obviously has not learned to leave the economy alone, and that stimulus bills will not fix it any more than Roosevelt’s New Deal. I hope, though, that it will not take a war to get us out of this one.
- Amen to that hope! Terrific analysis.
H1. Concerning "work", which do you prefer, the motto of Captain John Smith or of Leon Trotsky?
Captain John Smith’s motto by far. There are sometimes that obedience to the ruling authority is not plausible, or morally correct. In those circumstances, work would be a better alternative to obedience. If obedience were required to eat, America would not exist. The Founding Fathers were certainly not obedient to Britain at the time of the American Revolution. I think in this imperfect world, obedience to earthly authorities is not always the best choice.
- Superb again, may use as a model answer.
H5. What is your view of the United States entering World War I?
Definitely a good thing. If we had entered the war earlier, could we have avoided the loss of life, the economic downturn, and even the treaty that sparked WWII? I think that America was the deciding force in the war, and that the war helped America to re-establish their position as a world super power. I also believe that it helped bring a quicker end to the war, saving lives on both sides.
- Good argument, and supported well.
H6. Was Joseph Stalin the most evil dictator in world history until now? Your view, please.
Quite probably. During his rule the number of deaths was astronomical. He was directly responsible for far more deaths than Hitler. Between engineering famines, executing people on false charges, and outright murder, Stalin was guilty of millions of deaths, even of his own troops. He once said to Churchill "The death of one man is a tragedy, the death of millions is a statistic." This says nearly all that needs to be said on the rule of Stalin.
- Wow, what an incriminating quote! Of course Hitler killed many millions also, particularly in the Holocaust.
- Superb work, one of the very best in the entire class all year. You've made it difficult for me to choose only a few for the model answers! 100/100. Well done!--Andy Schlafly 17:31, 26 April 2009 (EDT)