World History Homework Eleven Answers - Student O
World History Homework Eleven Instructor: Andy Schlafly Read the lecture. You can substitute in a question from honors into your regular assignment, if you are not in honors. You can also substitute in a question raised from class or the lecture. 1. What was the "Great War," and why was it called that? Who was on each side?
The “Great War” was World War I and the reason it was called the “Great War” was because it was the most violent and bloody war to date. On one side were Austria-Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire, and on the other side were Britain, France, Russia, Italy, and, in 1917 the United States.
- Good, but note that Italy changed sides during the war.
2. Who won World War I? Explain the outcome.
Really nobody won World War I-- although there was a symbolic “victor” both sides suffered immense casualties, ranging from 10-16 million. The British and their allies invaded Germany, thus “winning” although sustaining heavy losses. But even if you count Britain as having won, they still did not handle the win the right way, severely mistreating Germany and taking large amounts of money and resources from Germany. And because Britain gave Germany such harsh treatment the Germans were quick to elect Adolph Hitler as president. So although Britain “won” they still, in an interesting way, caused World War II.
- France was even more adamant about punishing Germany. But even then I wouldn't say that France (or Britain) "caused World War II." Still, your answer demonstrates a good understanding of the issues.
3. Pick your favorite battle of the War and describe it.
The First battle of Marne This battle played a key part in the war because it stopped the German breakthrough to the sixth army. Also it had a huge impact on morale. The German first and second armies were almost completely destroyed bye the French and British as they flanked and encircled the enemy. Planes also played a big part in the battle employing a technique known as “Strafing”, flying low enough to shoot at enemy infantry. In the end the allied forces were able to stop the Germans despite heavy casualties on both sides.
- Excellent. (Note: "by", not "bye")
4. When, where, why, and by whom did the Communist Revolution occur?
The Communist Revolution occurred in Russia towards the end of World War I, in November 1917. It was led by Vladmir Lenin, and occurred because….
- Good, but incomplete. (Minus 1).
5. Pick an aspect of "Science and Art in the Early 20th Century" and describe it, along with your view.
I think the most interesting theory is quantum mechanics. The basic premise of quantum mechanics is that the basic building block is essentially a wave, but when observing the wave it changes into a particle. This is very interesting because by observing something you can change it, even if you do not think you interfered.
- Excellent! May use as a model!
6. Describe a European colony in the 20th century, and what happened to it.
The Indian colony was not granted independence until well after World War I, but was eventually granted independence because of the peaceful diplomatic efforts of Mahatma Gandhi.
7. Current events question: Do you think our economic problems today are -- or are not -- similar to the Great Depression? Explain by including some history about the Great Depression.
I believe that the economic problems today are not very similar to the Great Depression but were greatly exaggerated by the media in order to have Barack Obama elected, just as Franklin Delano Roosevelt was during the Great Depression. But this exaggeration caused the stock investors to lose confidence.
- Superb again.
Honors Questions (answer any 3 in addition to the above questions)
H2. What was the best thing that happened in the early part of the 20th century (as covered by the lecture), and what was the worst?
The best thing that happened in the early part of the twentieth century was the discovery of quantum mechanics because it gave rise to many great inventions. The worst thing in the early twentieth century was World War I.
H3. What is your view of secret alliances among nations? Be sure to address the role of such alliances in starting World War I.
I think that secret alliances among nations are bad because at the point that we do not know how the powers are aligned it could be World War I all over again, where a political figure got killed but it resulted in the bloodiest war ever.
H4. Discuss any aspect of the lecture, such as the type of warfare used in World War I.
The type of warfare used in World War I was trench warfare, one of the most horrific forms of warfare the world has seen. The two sides would enter trenches and proceed to utilize many different ways of killing the other side.
These ways involved throwing grenades into the packed trenches of the enemy, causing high casualties and wounds, and one of the most horrific, poison gas. Although this was an effective way of clearing out trenches it caused many casualties and was a painful way of death.
After the occupants of either trench got out, they were sitting ducks for enemy fire. So trench warfare basically pinned down each side, because if the side came out of the trench they died because of gas and grenades. But if they came out they died because of enemy fire.
- Terrific explanation.
- Superb work. 99/100. Well done!--Andy Schlafly 21:15, 25 April 2009 (EDT)