World History Homework Eleven Answers - Student Twelve
World History Homework Eleven
1. The “Great War” which we call World War One, was called that because it involved nearly every nation on earth in the conflict. (They did not call it World War One because there had not been a second world war yet). The main powers on each side were Russia, England, France, and later the United States against Germany and Austria/Hungary.
- Excellent. You might also mention that the Ottoman Turks were on the side of Germany.
2. In World War One, no one really “won” in the true sense of the word; the frontiers remained much as they had been before the war. Germany capitulated before France, Britain, and the United States could achieve victory, something which was not repeated in World War II. By then, Britain and the United States had learned their lesson.
3. The most famous naval battle of World War I was the Battle of Jutland, fought on May 31st—April 1st in 1916. More than 300 ships of all types participated in the battle, from 40,000 ton battleships and battle cruisers to tiny destroyers. The outnumbered Germans were led into a trap, pursuing several British battle cruisers, but managed to escape thanks to some clever maneuvering on the part of the German commander and some blunders on the part of the British. Both sides claimed victory, the British due to the fact that the Germans fled and never sent their entire fleet to sea for the rest of the war, and the Germans because the British lost more ships and men.
- Excellent, may use as a model.
4. The “Communist Revolution” occurred in 1917 in Russia. It was a coup d’état of the Russian government by the Bolshevik party (a small, radical Communist group; “Bolshevik” means “majority” in Russian, and Bolshevik leaders gave their party that name deceptively, as it was relatively small compared to the larger, less radical Menshevik party.)
- Great insight about what "Bolshevik" means!
5. One aspect of quantum mechanics which is somewhat amusing is one of its theories, which says, basically, that if you have a particle in a box, there is a finite possibility that the particle could actually be outside the box. Another theory says that it is impossible to determine the location of a particle, as the act of measurement will move it.
6. Australia was one of the largest colonies of England during the 1700’s. It was originally a colony for deporting prisoners, but in the 1800’s it became an immense sheep-raising area, thanks to the wide, grassy plains; gold was also discovered there. It became an independent nation on January 1st, 1901, but continued to keep close ties to England.
- Superb, could use as a model.
7. The “Financial Crisis of 2008,” as it has been dubbed by economists, has some aspects that the Great Depression possessed, but on a far smaller scale. The stock market is suffering, but has not come to the wholesale crash of 1929; many banks and finance groups have experiencing tough times, just as they were in 1929, but again, on nowhere near as high a degree.
H3. Secret alliances between nations, the main cause of World War I, are usually a poor idea. Especially in today’s nuclear-armed world, a nation might go to war without the knowledge of the chain reaction they might start by simply attacking one nation. For example, the United States has (foolishly) a treaty with Estonia; if it was a secret, Russia might attack Estonia without knowing we had a treaty with them, and the conflict might escalate, disastrously.
- Excellent, could use as a model.
H4. World War I introduced many new military tactics and devices, such as barbed wire, used to defend trenches (makeshift wire was sometimes made by stringing old razor blades on a normal piece of wire), and the machine gun, which had seen slight use in the Boer War and other contemporary conflicts. Machine guns were deadly against charging troops, in one battle, British soldiers who had been ordered to attack “regardless of loss” were repulsed by only several dozen machine guns, with 8,000 casualties. Mines (explosives designed to explode on contact with a person, ship, or vehicle), both naval and land, also entered general use; in fact, in November 1914, the British super-dreadnought (dreadnoughts were a type of battleship) Audacious was sunk by a mine.
- Superb again. Your answer is a terrific summary of the new military tactics and devices.
H7. Communism appeals to the uneducated, those who are gullible enough to fall for the “everyone will be equal” rhetoric. Those who do not have the resolve or the education to rise will always prefer to have everyone at their level, rather than trying to elevate themselves. Anti-communist indoctrination for all would be the only way to combat it.
- Excellent, though I would not use the term "indoctrination" for something truthful. In fact, I'm going to check its etymology now! (Later) Actually, I see from the dictionary that your usage is correct.
- Terrific homework answers, among the very best in the entire class all year. You've made it extremely difficult for me to pick only two model answers! 100/100. Congratulations!--Andy Schlafly 14:36, 26 April 2009 (EDT)