World History Homework Five Answers - Student 7
1. What is the difference between the "Holy Roman Empire" and the Roman Empire?
The Holy Roman Empire came shortly after the fall of the Ancient Roman Empire. The Holy Roman Empire began in A. D. 800 with Charlemagne being crowned king and the new found power of the Catholic Church. Another major difference between the Roman Empire and the Holy Roman Empire was that the Holy Roman Empire was Christian while the Roman Empire persecuted them.
- Not precisely correct. In the later years of the Roman Empire, after Constantinople, Christianity was accepted. Also, it was more than 300 years between the end of the Roman Empire and the official beginning of the Holy Roman Empire. (Minus 1).
2. Who was "Charles the Hammer," and why was he important?
Charles Martel also known as Charles the Hammer was a Christian leader who led the franks in the decisive Battle of Tours in A.D. 732, defeating the Muslim invasion. If it was not for this victory, America might have been founded on a Muslim rather than a Christian basis.
3. Explain what feudalism in Western Europe was.
Feudalism in Europe consisted of many small areas with their own separate governments, rather than one central government. These small governments consisted mainly of a lord and the serfs. The lord was generally the owner of the land and the serfs were peasants who worked the land in exchange for food and defense against the barbarians. Later on in this form of government, towns began to form that were able to buy their independence from the lord.
4. How many "pillars" of Islam are there? Pick two of them and discuss them briefly.
The five pillars of Islam:
a. Submission- This submission is absolute to Allah.
b. Prayer- Muslims must pray five times a day to Allah while facing Mecca.
c. Fasting- Muslims must fast for the entire month of Ramadan, but only in daylight hours.
d. Almsgiving- Required donation to the poor.
e. The Hajj- This is a pilgrimage to Mecca that has to be made by Muslims at least once in their lifetime.
- Superb answer.
5. Discuss one of the major civilizations or tribes in Central and South America in the lecture, and contrast it with another major civilization or tribe from that area.
6. Discuss feudalism and religion in Japan.
Feudalism in Japan was very different from feudalism in Europe. Feudalism in Japan consisted of many clans that were constantly fighting for central power. All through the feudalistic period in Japan there was still an emperor of Japan.
The Shinto religion has no founders, no holy scriptures and no god. Followers of Shinto believe in spirits called Kami. These, Kami live in objects such as prominent rocks or great people. The Shinto also believes that humans are basically good and has no views that humanity has fallen into evil. Unlike other religions, Shinto does not seek to convert other people and the mixes very well with other religions such as Buddhism.
- Terrific answer, particularly your statement that "All through the feudalistic period in Japan there was still an emperor of Japan." Also, it's interesting that the Shinto religion has no holy scriptures, founders, or god.
7. Write an essay about any aspect of the lecture.
The samurai where the elite warriors of the clans in Japan. Originally called saburai, they were the personal guards of the emperor. As feudalism in Japan developed, the clans began fighting; The Daimyo (feudalistic master) of each Clan needed his own bodyguards. As the fighting continued, the Daimyo needed more and more bodyguards and soon had their own private armies. By this time the term saburi had evolved into samurai, as it is easier to pronounce. The samurai were now the primary fighting force in Japan due to their great skill and power.
The samurai’s choice of weapons changed over time. The original weapons of the samurai where bows, arrows and simple swords. A change of the samurai’s weapons to primarily the bow, came with the introduction of horses to Japan around the 5th century A.D. This style yet again changed with the invasion of the Mongols in the 13th century A.D. Now the samurai slowly reverted to fighting on foot with the traditional samurai’s style of weapons. This consisted of a long sword (over 24 inches) and a short sword (12 to 24 inches). These swords were called Katanas.
Around this time came the introduction of the Bushido (The Way of the Warrior) which is an honor code of the samurai. If a samurai ever broke the Bushido code, he would take his shorter sword and thrust it into their abdomen, while his best friend used his longer sword to decapitate him. The unofficial method that many samurai chose instead was exile. These became dishonored or Masterless samurai who were shunned by all clans.
- Very good essay.
8. What was the Carolingian Court?
9. Add 3 terms to the Study Guide (or 5 terms to earn credit for two questions).
Samurai, Shogun and Kami.
- Good additions.
9-2. Knight and lord
- Also good additions.
- Terrific homework, one of the best in the class. Grade: 80/80. Well done!--Andy Schlafly 22:20, 15 October 2011 (EDT)