World History Homework Five Answers - Student Thirteen

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Michelle F-done

1. List the "Five Pillars of Islam."

1) Submit to Allah

2) Pray to Allah five times a day, while facing Mecca

3) Fast throughout the entire month of Ramadan (this does not mean that the Muslims cannot eat during this month, it means that they cannot eat while the Sun is up)

4) Almsgiving; give to the poor

5) The Hajj, or pilgrimage, must be made to Mecca at least once during a Muslim’s life

Superb, and unlike most other answers to this question you noted how the fast is only during daylight hours. I wonder what the source or reason for that is.

2. How is Islam different from Christianity?

Islam believes in submission to their god, Christianity believes in loving God, and serving Him with all of our heart, soul, mind and strength, not simply submitting to Him mindlessly. Islam tries to force conversions; Christianity does not. Islam believes that it is blasphemous to portray Muhammad; Christians have done numerous portrayals of God and Jesus throughout the years.

Superb point about portrayals.

3. Charles the Hammer, Pepin the Short, and Charlemagne: which one is your favorite, and why?

Charles Martel. He went through the hard work of expanding the Carolingian territory and expelling the Muslim invaders. If Europe had fallen to the Muslims, would America be Muslim? Would America have had the government it now has if we were all Islamic? I personally believe that God put Charles Martel in exactly the right spot at the perfect time, so as to forward His kingdom.

Good analysis.

4. Describe what you like about feudalism in Western Europe.

It was a way to have at least some government in the absence of a great empire. It allowed for protection from barbarians, enabled trading and community in a lawless time, and led into the development of Europe as we know it now. It was a good transition from the collapse of the all-encompassing Roman Empire, to individual nations.

Right. Insightful answer, may use as a model.

5. Explain the difference between the Sunnis and the Shiites, and give examples of one country controlled by each.

Sunni- Saudi Arabia Shiites- Iran The Sunnis are less extreme in their beliefs and are friendlier to western countries, while the Shiites are extreme in their beliefs, and religious practices and ceremonies.


6. Current events: Comment on the table of Islamic populations by country. Do you notice anything interesting about it?

I find it interesting that there are so few countries between 40% and 80%. There are numerous countries over 80% and I would imagine that there are many more under 40%, but the amount between is surprising. My guess would be that most countries are either totally Islamic, or hardly Islamic at all.


7. Briefly describe four major civilizations or tribes in South America, as discussed in the lecture.

Teotihuacan, A.D. 100-900, created a large city with a possible population of 200,000. Polytheistic, they worshipped sun, moon, rain, and water god/goddesses. People lived in barrios around the city. Mayans lived in Central America, A.D. 300-900,on the Yucatan peninsula, with a population somewhere between 5 and 16 million people. The Mayans were somewhat knowledgeable, and understood zero. They had a fairly accurate calendar, with 18 months, and 20 days in each month. They had no currency, but occasionally traded in cacao beans. Like most South American civilizations, the Mayans practiced human sacrifice. The Incas were descended from the Moche civilization. They were first a civilization in A.D. 1250, but the height of their civilization was from A.D. 1438-1537. They did not have a written language; instead they used a cord with beads on it, called “quipu”, used to record government business. They were called “big ears” by the Spaniards, because of the earrings they wore that stretched their ears. The Incan rulers were mummified after their death, like the Egyptians. Aztecs, A.D. 1200-1521, were much like many of their other South American neighbors, just a lot more warlike. They practiced human sacrifice more often. This lessened the population, which made it easier for the Spaniards to conquer the Aztecs, in A.D.1521.


H1. Do you think King Arthur, or anything told about him, is based in fact?

I think there are probably some facts behind the myths and legends. There was probably a real King Arthur, who saved Britain from barbarians, and tales were told throughout Britain of this hero who had saved them all. After a while, people found the truth to be boring, and embellished it. I don’t believe that he pulled the sword out of the stone, and I don’t think Merlin was real, either. My question would be whether it matters if Arthur is fact or fiction? It doesn’t change anything, it simply puts the popular legend in a bad light. I doubt that anyone wants to know, that would ruin it.

Good humor at the end ... "that would ruin it"! May use your answer as a model.

H6. Revisit the issue of Muhammad Ali being allowed to avoid the United States draft based on converting to Islam. Islam allows fighting only in "Holy Wars," and Ali said that the Vietnam War was not a "Holy War" and thus it was against his conscience to fight in it.

What could possibly make a war holy? I am not a pacifist, but I think that war is a horrible, bloody, heartbreaking thing. I know that some Muslims believe that Allah told them to go on a jihad and kill people, but all the same, how is that holy? And if that is “holy”, how do they determine what wars are holy? Is there some sort of criteria they have to meet? Something I would like to know would be whether or not there were other Muslims fighting in the war. How did they decide that the war was holy? I think that if he was going to live in America, he should have been required to serve, just like every other American. That is the price of our freedom.

Excellent, could use as a model.

H7. Do you think the term "faith" properly applies to any religion other than Christianity?

I think it takes more faith to believe that the earth came from a catastrophic explosion, which was caused by nothingness, and that everything evolved from primordial slime, than it does to believe in God. So I think that it needs to be considered: that atheists just might have more faith than we do.  They just choose to deny it.  I don’t know if I have enough faith to believe what they believe. Atheists may mock Christians for believing fairy tales, but I can’t think of anything more fairy tale like than nothing becoming something; it’s like the fairy tale of spinning straw into gold, except people really do believe this one.
Superb, and I'm not sure all atheists really believe their fairy tale. For some it may simply be another way to censor Christianity.
Terrific answers, among the best in the class. 100/100. Congratulations!--Andy Schlafly 21:26, 7 March 2009 (EST)