World History Homework Four Answers - Student 12

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--FrederickT3 17:26, 7 October 2011 (EDT) (finished) 1. Who is your favorite Roman emperor, and why?

I like the thoughtfulness and philosophical mind of Marcus Aurelius. He was a Stoic and author of a famous book, the "Meditations", written in Greek. I am of the opinion that user Conservative hurts the project and that you should do something about him.

2. Describe what the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire were, including approximate dates.

After the overthrow of the monarchy in 508 B.C., Rome was a republic, ruled by the Senate and a hierarchy of executive officers, with two annually elected consuls at the top. The end of the Republic came during the second half of the first century B.C., when Julius Caesar seized power after a prolonged struggle. Notable defenders of the Republic were the younger Cato and Cicero. Caesar established a dictatorship, but a formal empire was established in 27 B.C. when his adoptive son Octavianus became the single ruler, effectively emperor, of Rome under the name Augustus. The western half of the Roman Empire lasted until A.D. 476, when the last emperor Romulus Augustulus was forced to abdicate. The eastern half of the empire lasted nearly a thousand years longer until A.D. 1453, as the Byzantine Empire. Ceterum censeo that user Conservative intentionally or unintentionally hurts the project, continuously insults other users and that you should do something about this.

3. Compare and contrast the Roman Empire in the West with the Byzantine Empire.

The western empire was under severe pressure from outside, mostly Germanic, forces during the fourth and fifth centuries, and finally succumbed in 476 (see Q2). The Byzantine Empire also had to withstand outside attacks, most notably the Arab expansion of the seventh and following centuries. It did so more successfully than the west, probably because it was the richer part at the time. Some consideration of the concerns of your editors would do your project no harm.

4. Explain what Pax Romana was.

Pax Romana refers to a long prosperous and comparatively peaceful period at the beginning of the Roman Empire lasting until about A.D. 180. Conservapedia could do with some peace, but you need to do something for that.

5. Discuss Hannibal or Attila the Hun.

Hannibal was a military leader of Carthage, the main rival of Rome in the third century B.C. In the course of the First Punic War, he led an army across the Alps (famously including elephants) into Italy, posing a very severe threat to Rome. Ultimately he failed. The Punic Wars were a decisive point in the history of Rome. Had Rome lost those wars, subsequent history would have been very different.

6. Enter 3 terms and descriptions into the online Study Guide (5 terms and descriptions are worth 2 questions).

7. Julius Caesar: a hero or a villain? Explain.

As a Republican (I don't mean the GOP here, but a supporter of the republican form of government), I tend to view him rather as a villain. He was certainly a strong leader (he wouldn't have user Conservative continue as he does here), which leads to effective government but ultimately he only fought to satisfy his personal greed for power.

Honors Questions (answer any 2 in addition to the above questions)

H1. Do you agree that the Romans really lacked any understanding of an objective truth, as reflected by Pilate's response to Jesus at His trial? Please discuss.

In the lecture says they didn't understand objective truth and gives a second-hand quotation of that first-rate philosopher, the governor of Palestine. That's from the bible, hence it must be objectively true. All those quotes from Cicero, Seneca, Marcus Aurelius, they clearly didn't know what they were talking about.

H2. Which was more influential, the Roman law or the Roman legions?

The Roman legions were influential in the short term, until they were defeated. Roman law had a longer-lasting influence. User Conservative has too much influence on Conservapedia.

H3. Discuss rights that Paul enjoyed as Roman citizen, rights not enjoyed by Jesus's other disciples.

H4. The decline and fall of the Roman empire: what do you think was its biggest cause?

The Roman empire was huge and had very long borders. It was only able to resist the continuous attacks from outside as long as it had an efficient centralized governmental organization. In the end, internal strife weakened that central power, Rome was worn out and could no longer resist. I wonder how long Conservapedia will be able to resist the relentless attacks against it originating from its very core?
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