World History Homework Four Answers - Student 2
1. My favorite Roman emperor would be Constantine because he issued the Edict of Milan (AD 313), which ended the official persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire. He also built the Christian capital Constantinople, where the Cathedral of the Hagia Sophia is located, in East, with this portion of the empire surviving as the western portion declined.
2. The Roman Republic began when two brothers Romulus and Remus founded the city of Rome on the Tiber River in 753. Having been conquered by the Etruscans in 700 BC, landowners revolted and began to establish a republic without city-states in 509 BC; by 250 BC, Romans had taken back the previously Etruscan-ruled territory. Most of the power was held by the Senate, and at the head of the republic were two consuls who ran the army and managed religious functions. In 60 BC, Julius Caesar joined with Marcus Crassus and Pompey the Great to rule Rome as the first triumvirate. The Roman Empire began in 27 BC when Octavian rose to power with the Roman Senate and gained complete control of the empire, establishing a constitutional monarchy as the Senate’s role became only advisory. With many emperors following in the next 200 years, the last emperor was deposed in AD 476, marking the fall of the Roman Empire.
4. The Pax Romana, or the “Roman Peace”, marked the period from 27 BC to AD 180 when the Roman Empire flourished from general peace and substantial prosperity. During this time, the empire was secured by powerful leaders like Augustus (Octavian) and the “Five Good Emperors”: Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius, governing the vast region throughout Western Europe and around the Mediterranean Sea. There were no civil wars or major invasions by foreigners, and the economy both in cities and provinces thrived.
- Correct again.
5. Hannibal was the leader of the Carthaginians during the Second Punic War between the Romans and Phoenicians. He is especially remembered for having crossed through Spain and over the Alps with 30,000 men and some elephants. After 16 years of battle against the Romans, Hannibal failed to conquer Rome itself and retreated to Africa when the Romans destroyed Carthage.
Terms: First Punic War, Second Punic War, Third Punic War
- Excellent term choices and superb descriptions added to the Study Guide.
- Terrific homework. Grade: 60/60. Very good!--Andy Schlafly 19:17, 8 October 2011 (EDT)