World History Homework Four Answers - Student 4

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1. Who is your favorite Roman emperor, and why? Augustus Caesar. Augustus Caesar was a great emperor for multiple reasons. First he initiated the transitions between Rome's democratic stage and its stage as an empire. After Julius Caesar's Assasination, Rome was headed towards becoming an empire and Augustus ensured a smooth transition. Although he had to fight two other powers in a Triumvrate to gain imperial power Augustus avoided a revolution or some other greater reaction to Rome's becoming an empire. Second, Augustus, similarly after fighting a war to gain imperial power, initiated the Pax Romana.

Good. There are a few typos/grammar/misspelling, and I don't think the phrase "initiated" is quite right near the end. Perhaps "his leadership allowed Pax Romana to begin."

2. Describe what the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire were, including approximate dates. The Roman Republic was Ancient Rome from 590-27BC. The Republic created a system of Government mixing an Aristocratic Senate and Consuls, with a tribal assembly meant to represent the plebeians. The Republic's most famous wars were the Punic wars, in which Rome successfully defeated Carthage three times in war. Augustus Caesar's taking of power in 27 BC marked the beginning of the Roman Empire, the Roman Empire conquered territory stretching from England to Egypt and built a strong organized infrastructure, the Roman Empire without as strong a focus on popular representation, could not hold together its territories and divided. Finally the Western Half totally fell in 476 AD.

509-27 BC. Maybe the other starting date was a typo in your answer. Superb otherwise.

5. Discuss Hannibal or Attila the Hun. Hannibal was strangely ingenious. Following his Ancestor's submission to Roman Power in the first Punic War, Hannibal wished to lash out and made a scheme which would seem hair-brained today, traveling Elephants across the Alps. Hannibal and his forces did not suffer in their invasions of Italy. Rather, Roman Generals were successful in diverting his attention from Rome to Carthage where his forces were suffering. In Carthage he was not able to recover and was defeated.

Excellent.

6. Enter 3 terms and descriptions into the online Study Guide (5 terms and descriptions are worth 2 questions). I added Vergil, Catullus, and Cicero.

Good work. I improved the description for Virgil (note spelling).

7. Julius Caesar: a hero or a villain? Explain. Uncertain. All we can really know of Julius Caesar is that he was assassinated and that he used his army to seize dictatorship. Shakespeare's Julius Caesar is certainly not to be taken for granted, and other histories have probably been written by the Victors, meaning in this situation the supporters of Julius Caesar who would soon come to Power.

Terrific analysis.

-Paul

Excellent work - 50/50.--Andy Schlafly 21:22, 8 October 2011 (EDT)
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