World History Homework Four Answers - Student 9
1.Who is your favorite Roman Emperor, and why?
My favorite Roman Emperor is Constantine who lived from 274 - May 22, 337 AD. He is my favorite Emperor because he was the first Emperor to become a Christian and to make Christianity legal in Rome. By making Christianity legal in Rome, it was the first step towards the growth and acceptance of Christianity in the world.
2.Describe what the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire were including approximate dates.
The Roman Republic is the second era of Roman history, between the kingship and the empire around 509 B.C. to 27 B.C. The end of the Roman Republic is marked by the death of Julius Caesar when a Republican form of government truly ended. When the Roman Republic ended in 27 B.C. a new form of government took over Rome, known today as the Roman Empire. This period marks the era when government control transferred from a Republic form to rule by an Emperor. Although there is really no set date for the beginning of the Roman Empire, there is a set date for it's fall which is September 4th, 476 A.D. Odoacer who was part Hun, led a mutiny in Orestes army. It marked the fall of the Holy Roman Empire.
- Terrific answer. Note that there were a few years between Caesar's death in 44 B.C. and the conversion from the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire in around 27 B.C.
4.Explain what Pax Romana was.
Pax Romana was the period between 27 B.C. and A.D. 180 when the Roman Empire enjoyed a certain degree of peace. During this time, the Roman Empire governed a vast amount of land. This consisted of Western Europe and all the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. Due to the fact that Rome governed so much land, they did not need to go to war in their attempt to conquer it all.
- Excellent again.
5.Discuss Hannibal or Attila the Hun.
Attila the Hun became king of the Huns from A.D. 434 to 453. He became king, by killing his own brother in order to retain the kingdom for himself. Attila was probably the most vicious and barbaric military leader in all of history. Due to the lack of an organized system of warfare, the Huns had the ability to create complete chaos on the battlefield and set great fear into the hearts of their enemies. At age 47, the most feared warrior of all time died. Ironically, Attila the Hun did not die in battle, but choked to death from a mere nosebleed.
6.Enter 3 terms and descriptions into the online Study Guide (5 terms and descriptions are worth 2 questions).
Shang Yang: A Chinese statesman and philosopher. He promoted Legalism, which could be likened to the divine right of Kings in the West. Tribal Assembly: A Roman assembly of Plebians & Patricians, composed of members of 35 various Roman tribes Vespasian: (A.D.9-79) The Roman Emperor who ruled from AD 70-79. He was a Roman General in charge of putting down the Jewish revolt in the later 60s A.D.
- Superb choices of important terms, and good explanations.
Honors Questions (answer any 2 in addition to the above questions)
H2.Which was more influential, the Roman Law or the Roman Legions?
I think that the Roman Law was and still is more influential. They had a set organized system of government that was the building block for many governments of the world to this day. Judges interpreted and applied the laws in a just manner. The laws which the Romans called the Twelve Tables, became the Roman code of conduct around 450 B.C. Roman Law valued private property and the role of families which helped to hold the nation together. Thus, I believe we should be grateful to the Romans, for they are responsible for the model of government that many nations have imitated and continue to follow today.
- Very good.
H3.Discuss rights that Paul enjoyed as a Roman citizen, rights not enjoyed by Jesus' other disciples.
St. Paul, who was not a Roman citizen, enjoyed certain rights that Jesus Himself was not given. During the time of Jesus and even after His death, Roman citizenship was a very important thing not taken very lightly. Roman citizens were not allowed to be crucified. They were not allowed to be scourged. Hence that is why St. Paul was beheaded. He was also beheaded to fulfill the words of Jesus, “He who lives by the sword, dies by the sword.”
- Good analysis, and that's the first time I've seen the famous quote by Jesus applied to the death of St. Paul. I'm not sure that's what Jesus meant.
- Grade: 70/70. Excellent work.--Andy Schlafly 23:01, 8 October 2011 (EDT)