World History Homework Four Answers - Student Ten
World History Homework Four
1. One of my favorite emperors was Trajan. He ruled over the Roman Empire when it was the largest, and he was a great general.
2. The Roman Republic, which was the time when Rome was ruled by a Senate of elected representatives, lasted from 509 to 27 B.C. The Roman Empire, which began when Caesar Augustus, the first Roman emperor took power in 27 B.C. and ended in the deposing of Romulus Augustulus in A.D. 476.
3. The Byzantine Empire was far more Greek than the Western Roman Empire ever was. They used the Greek language, but kept the Roman law. They also were more artistic than the Western Romans.
4. Latin is a fairly simple language, and it is easy to express complex ideas with it. For that reason, most Western languages derive from it, and many Latin phrases have become incorporated into English. For example, the term “ad hominem,” literally meaning “to the man,” is used today in logic to describe an argument which attacks a person rather than their argument.
- Correct, with a superb example.
5. The Pax Romana was a time period from 27 B.C. to A.D. 180 when peace and economic good times prospered in the Roman Empire. “Pax Romana” literally means “Roman Peace,” and the Five Good Emperors ruled in this time: Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antonius Pius and Marcus Aurelius. There was no civil war, either.
- Terrific again!
6. Among the similarities between the United States today and the Roman Empire is the decline of morals. During the years of the Republic, Rome was a fairly moral society as non-Christian societies go. However, in the later years of the Republic and throughout the Empire, an immoral, lazy society was built.
7. Much of world history can be traced to God aiding Jesus’ coming or Christianity or Satan hindering them. However, there are often two sides to the same coin. For example, the persecution of the Christians in Rome induced many to leave for areas such as Britain and Spain, but it also destroyed huge numbers of believers.
- Your phrase "destroyed huge numbers of believers" is a tad ambiguous. Do you mean "killed them," or deterred people from Christianity? Good insight about fleeing to Britain and Spain, but many (including Peter) returned to be persecuted rather than flee.
H2. The Roman legions were the most efficient and deadly fighting force in the ancient world; more than anything else, they made the Roman Empire what it was. Each legion, composed of 3,000-5,000 men, was a self-sufficient fighting force. Each legionary carried two days rations, sword, javelin, and shield, water, and a long pointed wooden pole which were set up around a camp as a palisade. Their discipline enabled them to crush enemy armies of barbarians even when greatly outnumbered.
- Superb, many use a model.
H5. The Punic Wars was a clash between two types of empire. The Carthaginian Empire was centered on Carthage, and all other states were tributary to the city of Carthage. The conquered states were required to supply tribute and soldiers to fight Carthage’s battles, which all resented. Rome, on the other hand, granted full non-citizen rights to the people groups they conquered, instead of treating them as subordinate nations.
- Excellent point about treating conquered peoples differently. May use as a model.
H6. Attila the Hun was one of the most notable military commanders in the history of the world. He was captured by the Romans as a teenager and, although he was quickly released, he vowed to return to Rome as a conqueror. In 451 he gathered more than half a million men and began to march on Rome. A confederation of Romans and Goths defeated the Romans at the Battle of Chalons, one of the bloodiest battles in history. It was said that the spirits of the dead continued to fight in the afterlife! Attila reached Rome, but Pope Leo the Magnificent convinced him not to attack it. He died shortly thereafter by choking on his own blood while drunk-an unfitting end for one who was called the "Scourge of God."
- You meant "defeated the Huns." Your insight about Attila being captured by a teenager is fascinating.
- Well done: 100/100. Perfect again!--Andy Schlafly 09:48, 3 March 2009 (EST)