World History Homework One Answers - Student 14
By Maddie N.
1. Which do you think was the most important invention, idea or law discussed in the lecture? Include in your answer the "when, where, what, why and how”
I believe the wheel is the most important invention because the wheel made it easier for people to transport goods. The time of invention is not known but is believed to be sometime in Ancient Mesopotamia. The wheel was first used for making clay pottery but soon people realized that it could be put onto carts and drawn by a donkey. Though they could use donkeys, a cart could carry much more then the donkey could on its back. The wheel made it easier for merchants to sell their stock in places more inland, which meant a better economy. The wheel also made it easier for people of different cultures to come and go to different civilizations. The wheel was also used to make chariots (a cart like wooden structure with nothing on the back but a high front to protect from arrows) which made the owner of the chariot more likely to win because they could carry more people and move faster into battle.
2. Pick one of the major ancient empires mentioned in the lecture, and describe basic information about it. Include in your answer a reference to how it compared with another ancient empire mentioned in the lecture.
I believe Ancient Egypt lasted so long (3100 – 525 B.C almost 2700 yrs.) because its location was near the Nile, which helped with farming. In addition, Ancient Egypt was a well-defended area because it was between the Western Desert and the Libyan Desert, which meant that not many people would come across a desert just to attack a very strong empire. Ancient Egypt’s social structure was that the soldiers, farmers and tomb builders were at the bottom. Then came the scribes and the priests, finally the nobles and pharaoh. One of the Ancient Egyptians achievements was the extraordinary pyramids. Pyramids were special graves for the pharaohs. They were quite amazing, and still architects today cannot figure out how they were built so perfectly. On the inside pyramids were very elaborate and beautiful but on the outside simple but precise. The ancient Egyptians believed that there was an afterlife, so they buried their dead with treasures, especially the pharaohs. To protect against grave robbers many traps were laid in the pyramids.
When we compare Egypt to Mesopotamia they are two similar civilizations. Mesopotamia was a well-protected area (not as well protected as Egypt though), and near two rivers, the Tigris and the Euphrates, which helped with farming. The area was known as the Fertile Crescent. However, Mesopotamia was more war oriented then Egypt because they were being attacked more. However, Mesopotamia still invented things such as the sailboat, glass and bandages; they also contributed in academic areas such as cuneiform and advanced mathematics.
- Terrific analysis of ancient Egypt, with a good comparison to another ancient civilization.
3. There are several tables in the lecture containing various estimated dates. Pick one of those estimated dates and explain why it surprises you, why you think it may be wrong, or why you know it is correct.
One of the dates that I agree with is the rise and fall of Mesopotamia. It is believed that Noah’s flood was around to be between 3000 B.C. and 3300 B.C. which makes sense because after that in about 3500 B.C., the ground would be very fertile and people would start coming back. Mesopotamia is in the Fertile Crescent near two rivers so it would have been a good spot to start an empire. The end of the Mesopotamian Empire also makes sense I believe because it was right before Persia conquered Egypt that they conquered Mesopotamia. Persia was rising to power and Mesopotamia was an easier target before Egypt.
- Not quite correct. 3500 B.C. is before 3000 and 3300 B.C. (Minus 1). The rest of your analysis is good.
5. Write a longer essay (500 words rather than 150 words) in your answer to question Four, or add or fill in six important terms from the lecture for the Study Guide at the link above.
In the study guide I added; Euphrates River, The stirrup, Hammurabi’s code
7. What is your favorite mystery about the ancient world, and what do you think explains it?
My favorite mystery is the wheel. When it was made is not known but the estimate is around 3500 B.C. Who made the wheel? We do not know. It is my thought though that Mesopotamians invented the wheel because there is some evidence that they used wheels to help with pottery. How they thought of it is unknown, perhaps one day someone saw a ball rolling and thought about squishing it, or maybe someone thought about a cylinder and how it rolls, then just flattening it a little, but to me and others it is still a mystery.
- You might be right about how the idea for the wheel occurred!
- Terrific work: 39/40 plus 5/5 for extra credit, for a total score of 44/40. Well done!--Andy Schlafly 09:58, 15 September 2011 (EDT)