World History Homework One Answers - Student 2

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--SharonW 19:26, 1 September 2011 (EDT) (in progress - my internet time will be very minimal for the next week or so, because we're moving. I will try to get the lesson finished by the end of the weekend.)

1. Which do you think was the most important invention, idea or law discussed in the lecture? Include in your answer the "when, where, what, why and how."

  • I believe the most important invention is the development of the written language, first done by the Sumerians in Mesopotamia around 3400 BC. Without writing, I don't believe man would have progressed far. While the oral tradition of passing along ideas and information was and is important, writing enabled the sharing of thoughts and knowledge on a broader basis, and provided a permanent resource to be referred back to when needed.


2. Pick one of the major ancient empires mentioned in the lecture, and describe basic information about it. Include in your answer a reference to how it compared with another ancient empire mentioned in the lecture.

  • Ancient Egypt existed for almost 2700 years, located in a good defensive geological area, surrounded by deserts and with the valuable Nile River running through it north to south. The people were able to remain in one place because of plentiful natural resources such as clay and stone and also because of nearby trading partners in Lebanon and Sinai.


3. There are several tables in the lecture containing various estimated dates. Pick one of those estimated dates and explain either why it surprises you, why you think it may be wrong, or why you know it is correct.


4. Either write an essay of at least 150 words in length on any aspect of the lecture, or add or fill in 3 important terms from the lecture for the Study Guide at the link above (mention in your homework which three terms you picked).

  • As of Sept. 1, I've completed the honors terms from alluvial to the Great Canal, with the exception of Aristophanes and Euripides.


5. Write a longer essay (500 words rather than 150 words) in your answer to question 4, or add or fill in 6 important terms from the lecture for the Study Guide at the link above.

  • As of Sept. 1, I've completed the honors terms from alluvial to the Great Canal, with the exception of Aristophanes and Euripides.


6. Which matters most to the success of an ancient empire: its technology, its laws, its language, or its geography? Explain, with specific examples.


Extra Credit (regular or Honors)

7. What is your favorite mystery about the ancient world, and what do you think explains it? Some suggested possibilities include:

  • The invention of the wheel: who, when and how?
  • How did the Egyptians build the pyramids?
  • Why did ancient empires collapse?