World History Homework Six Answers - Student Three
1. Identify the time period of the Middle Ages, and when the Crusades occurred within that period.
The Middle Ages are the time span between A.D. 500 and A.D. 1500. The Crusades were a series of wars, the motive of which was to make Jerusalem safe for the Christian Pilgrimages. Pilgrimages were very 'popular' in the Middle Ages. The Crusades lasted nearly two hundred years, from A.D. 1096 to A.D. 1291.
2. Who conquered the largest contiguous region in world history, and when?
Chinggis (Genghis) Khan conquered the largest continuous region in world history. He was the Mongolian leader and founder, and dreamed of conquering the largest empire in history, which he did. Genghis Khan led the Mongols from A.D. 1206 to A.D. 1227.
- Correct again.
3. Which of these modern countries were able to establish nation-states in the Middle Ages, and which were not: Germany, France, England and Italy?
France and England succeeded in establishing nation-states, but Germany and Italy did not.
- Correct yet again!
4. Pick your favorite medieval architecture and describe something about it.
I am very much intrigued by Gothic architecture. Its tall, long and intimidating, though artistic, form holds something mysterious, and makes the viewer feel as if they had stepped back in time.
- Superb point about the mysterious quality. May use as a model!
5. Pick one of the African kingdoms described in the lecture, and explain it.
The Kingdom of Aksum was located in present day Ethiopia. Their roots can be traced from the migrating Arabs, that crossed the Red sea somewhere around 1000 B.C. Surprisingly, they had a written language, and controlled the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula. Their most influential ruler was Ezrana, who converted to Christianity and formed a Coptic church. Aksum also developed a coin currency and had its own unique architectural style, called 'stele'. The Muslims conquered Aksum in A.D. 710.
- Excellent description.
6. Pick your favorite aspect of Scholasticism, and describe something about it, or your view of it.
Scholasticism is a great idea. It helps people to reason for themselves the truth of Christianity, and opens their eyes to the truth of it all.
7. Current events: What was the biggest effect of the Crusades in the Middle Ages, and why do people avoid using the term "Crusade" today?
The biggest effect of the Crusades was (surprisingly) the end of the Middle Ages, for the following reasons:
(1) The Catholic Church gained more power, which led to the Reformation.
(2) The Crusades introduced Europeans to goods from the East, and this greatly increased trade.
(3) The Crusades introduced Europeans to gunpowder, which in turn influenced all future military conflicts.
(4) The Crusades contributed to the end of feudalism and gave power to kings, because the knights had to sell land to the kings to pay for the mission to Jerusalem.
(5) The increase in trade due to the Crusades led to an increased use in money rather than barter, and a new middle class developed as a result.
(6) Italian city-states, such as Rome, grew in power based on providing supplies and ships for the crusaders trying to reach the Holy Land.
(7) Europeans were inspired by magnificent cities they saw in the East, such as Constantinople, along with achievements in business and artistic works.
(8) Historians argue that the Crusades improved the power of women who were left to manage property as the crusaders went off into battle, though I do not agree with this.
I think people avoid using the term 'Crusade', in the modern day, because they are afraid to appear as a 'bloodthirsty Christian', as many people view them. I do not think this is a viable reason for not using the term. The Muslims were not innocent in the Crusades, and if left to their own devices, would have most likely taken over all of Europe and possibly have ruled the world today. In effect, America most likely, would never have been discovered, since the Muslims rarely explored across sea, and consequently, I would not be writing this. I do not agree that we should have another Crusade, but I do not think the first was an all bad attempt.
- Terrific analysis.
- Fantastic work! 70/70. Perfect!--Andy Schlafly 15:07, 15 March 2009 (EDT)