World History Homework Ten Answers - Student Seven
April 15, 2009
World History Homework Ten
1. The Industrial Revolution started in England in 1760, which transformed England into an economy powered by manufacturing and industry.
- Excellent, but could also note that the time of completion: around 1840 in England. (Minus 1).
2. My two favorite scientists of the 19th century would be Joseph Lister, a devote Christian, who expanded on Louis Pasteur’s germ theory and is credited to have started sterile surgery, and Marie Curie, who, against all odds, won two Nobel Prizes with her husband for their work in chemistry and physics.
- Superb, may use as a model.
3. There were both pros and cons to the Industrial Revolution. The Revolution increased trade among the nations, who were already becoming wealthier and more powerful from it. However, the factories were dirty and dangerous, and the factory workers received low wages for the long hours they worked.
4. Nationalism began in Italy in 1831 when a well-known nationalist named Giuseppe Mazzini, formed the “Brotherhood of Young Italy.” While the rulers of the Italian states were not ready to unite, Mazzini’s efforts were not in vain. Eventually in 1861, the Italian people voted to unite their country.
5. Imperialism is “the policy, practice, or advocacy of extending the power and dominion of a nation especially by direct territorial acquisitions or by gaining indirect control over the political or economic life of other areas.” The four patterns of imperialism are: • Establish colonies, like the British colonies in America, whereby the European power had direct influence or control over the colonies. • Establish protectorates, whereby the region has its own government and is an independent country, but is protected by a larger country. Puerto Rico and Guam today would be an example of that, as they are protected by the United States. • An even less direct form of imperialism was “spheres of influence”, in which the European country had special trading privileges over the region. • Finally, there is “economic imperialism”, whereby the outside influence was exerted not by a country but by a private business over a region.
6. Because of Africa’s disorder, the Europeans were able to defeat the different tribes for their own personal gain. There was much wealth in Africa – mineral deposits and good soil for plantations; therefore, a European imperialism took over, bringing advances in technology but displacing the Africans and causing territorial strife.
7. China and Japan became very powerful because they isolated themselves from the outside world, and therefore, distanced themselves from the many vices that other countries had fallen into.
H1. Utilitarianism is “the ethical doctrine that virtue is based on utility, and that conduct should directed toward promoting the greatest happiness of the greatest number of persons.” There are certain aspects of this concept which I believe, such as the idea of substitutionary atonement. However, there are no Christian morals present at all in utilitarianism.
- Fantastic, may use as a model. I need to read up about "substitionary atonement"!
H2. What is your view of imperialism, and whether it is sometimes good? While most of the motives of imperialism are power and money, some of the under-developed countries have benefited from imperialism. Africa greatly advanced its technology, but at the cost of displacing its citizens and reducing its crops. Therefore, imperialism is sometimes good but almost always bad.
H3. Nationalism: good or bad? Loyalty to a nation is extremely important; however, when that loyalty precedes one’s morals or humanity, it has gone too far.
- Congratulations! 99/100.--Andy Schlafly 10:34, 19 April 2009 (EDT)