World History Homework Three Answers - Student Eight

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VeronikaF

1.Which do you like better, classical India or China, and why?

I like classical India better since it seemed to create many new inventions and many of the common religions in the Middle East were founded in India. The Indian people tried to explain man’s passions and sinfulness. They wanted to know everything that happened and was created around them. They also created many mythical stories, like the Greeks, to explain how earth and the solar system works, as well as the tales of their gods. Theses stories are now what we read in fairy books or other novels about mythical beliefs. I think India was a country with much hope and joy; they never had a civil war and they always stood up for each other.

Superb answer!

2. What advantage did Buddhism have over Hinduism in converting people outside of India?

Buddhism is the belief system that everyone is equal (there are no levels in society). The Eightfold Path, a system of meditation, attracted many people, mostly lower class, since it can be followed by anyone, no matter how poor or untouchable they were (the lowest social level).

Excellent again, could be a model answer.

3.Explain what this is:

This symbol is the Yin Yang or in other words the Tai-Chi symbol. The Yin Yang is the Chinese symbol of the Sun. It was a calendar for the Chinese telling them when the summer and the winter solstice would begin. The Yang, the lighter side of the Chinese symbol, symbolizes the Sun since there is more sunlight in the Summer Solstice than in the Winter Solstice. The Yin, the darker part of the symbol, symbolizes the moon since there is less sunlight in the Winter Solstice and more moonlight. Since Yin begins at the Summer Solstice and Yang begins at the Winter Solstice there is a small Yin circle on the Summer Solstice potion and a Yang circle on the Winter Solstice position. The Yin is like the woman and the Yang is like the man. There would be no life without both of them. The Yin Yang are opposites.

Wow, I never knew that! Thanks for the fascinating background for the symbol! Note that it acquired broader philosophical meaning over time.

4. What aspect or aspects of Hinduism have enabled it to survive for so long?

Hinduism has been able to survive very long, even against Islam, because it reacts to other religions by including the gods of other religions in the group of their own gods. They ended all disputes or threats against their religion the most easy and clear way. No one could argue with them about who was the one true God since they believed that every religion’s gods or god is part of their circle of gods. This aspect of their religion helped them thrive over the centuries standing up against all other beliefs or religions.

Superb.

5. Describe and explain one or more of your favorite insights by Sun Tzu.

Sun Tzu which means Master Sun was an acclaimed military general when he wrote his famous book, Sun Tzu, explaining the art of war. As you might have noticed, his book’s title is his name because at that time in China certain books were named after their author. He used many intelligent strategies to win the battles he fought. He once transformed 180 court women into skilled soldiers in one session to prove to King Ho-lu that the book of principles can be applied and should be applied to everyone. The phrase, "To secure ourselves against defeat lies in our own hands, but the opportunity of defeating the enemy is provided by the enemy himself," helps people to understand that to overcome your enemy you have to use his mistake or strength for your benefit.

Terrific answer.

6. Take your pick, classical India or China, and list in chronological order the major empires along with their time periods.

The major empires of China
(a) The Qin or Ch'in dynasty (221-206 B.C.)
((b) The Han dynasty (206 B.C. to A.D 220)
(c) Three Kingdoms (A.D. 220-280)
(d) The Sui Dynasty(A.D. 581 -618)
(e) The Tang Dynasty (A.D.618-907)
(f) The Song Dynasty(A.D.960-1279)

Excellent, may use as a model!

H5. Comment on how important "zero" is to mathematics or thought in general. You might speculate on why it took so long to discover and use it.

Man always occupies himself on gaining more, but never gaining nothing (zero). He worries if he is getting enough for something and when you trade a certain material with someone else you never trade something for nothing. Man never needed to use the theory of having nothing.

The Babylonians, from 1700 BC, used a space as a place holder for empty “columns.” Later on, they developed the first known mark to stand for an empty place. It looked very similar to two y’s standing together: YY. This symbol, which was never used alone, did not directly represent zero, but were used as a place holder.

Our first found evidence of the use of zero is in some Hindu writings from the late 9th century. The Middle East and Asia used the zero before the west could even think about using it, since western nations were tangled in competition to be culturally superior and progressive in their religions.

Terrific answer again. I didn't know that the ancient Babylonians had a placeholder for zero!
Fantastic answers, one of the best in the class. 70/70. Perfect!
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